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Table 3 Factors affecting work-related neck and/or shoulder pain among tailors, 2019, Ethiopia

From: Physical environmental and occupational factors inducing work-related neck and shoulder pains among self-employed tailors of informal sectors in Ethiopia, 2019: results from a community based cross-sectional study

C Characteristic (N = 419) Neck and/or shoulder pain COR(95% CI) AOR(95% C.I) P-value
Yes (%) No (%)
Age
  ≤ 29 years 93(33.3) 59(42.1) 1 1  
 30–39 years 123(44.1) 50(35.7) 1.56(0.98,2.50) 1.14(0.35,2.01) 0.071*
  > 40 years 63(22.6) 31(22.1) 1.29 (0.75,2.21) 1.03(0.01,1.07) 0.063*
Alcohol use
 Yes 87(31.2) 31 (22.1) 1.59(0.99,2.56) 1.23(0.15,1.97) 0.081*
 No 192 (68.8) 109(77.9) 1   
Educational level
 Can read and write 62(22.2) 35(25.0) 0.55(0.23,1.29) 0.46(0.12,1.09) 0.470*
 Primary school (1–8 grades) 94(33.7) 56(40.0) 0.52(0.23,1.18) 0.44(0.17,1.01) 0.614*
 Secondary school (9–12 grades) 94(33.7) 40(28.6) 0.73(0.32,1.68) 0.51(0.21,1.03) 0.083*
 Technical and vocational training 29(10.4) 9(6.4) 1 1  
Work experience
  ≤ 5 year 162(58.1) 56(40.0) 2.08 (1.37,3.14) 1.92(1.11, 3.33) 0.001+
  > 5 years 117(41.9) 84(60.0) 1 1  
Hours spent sitting position/day
  < 8 h/day 120(43.0) 91(65.0) 1 1  
  > 8 h/day 159(57.0) 49(35.0) 2.46(1.62,3.75) 2.00(1.20,3.41) 0.001+
Working days per week
  < 7 days 207(74.2) 116(82.9) 1 1  
 7 days 72(25.8) 24(17.1) 0.64(0.38,1.10) 0.47(0.16,1.01) 0.133*
Rest break
 Yes 71(25.4) 17 (12.1) 1 1  
 No 208(74.6) 123 (87.9) 2.46 (1.33,4.55) 2.13(1.20,4.22) 0.0001+
Adequate light at work
 Yes 73 (26.2) 99 (70.7) 1 1  
 No 206 (73.8) 41 (29.3) 6.81(4.34,10.70) 5.02(3.50,9.03) 001+
Frequently bending/twisting
 Yes 199 (71.3) 64 (45.7) 2.95(1.94,4.50) 2.60(1.45,4.47) 0001+
 No 80 (28.7) 76 (54.3) 1 1  
  1. Keys: -* = Significant in the bivariable analysis; + = Significant in the multivariable analysis, N Number, AOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, COR Crude odds ratio