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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the sample (HBSC-study, Slovakia 2018, 11–15 years old, N = 5202)

From: Does family communication moderate the association between adverse childhood experiences and emotional and behavioural problems?

  Total
N = 5202
Gender (N, %)
 Boys 2562 (49.3)
Age (mean, SD) 13.53 1.31
FAS (N, %)
 Low 1466 (28.2)
 Middle 1508 (29.0)
 High 2029 (39.0)
ACE (N, %)
 No ACE 790 (15.2)
 1–2 ACE 2402 (46.2)
 3 and more ACE 2010 (38.6)
Communication with mother/stepmother (N, %)
 Easy 4092 (79.3)
Communication with father/stepfather (N, %)
 Easy 3514 (67.7)
Emotional and behavioural problems (mean, SD)
 Emotional problems 15.13 3.34
 Behavioural problems 16.48 3.28
  1. HBSC-study Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study, N number of respondents, FAS Family affluence, ACE adverse childhood experiences, SD standard deviation
  2. Note. Only valid percentages are presented; missing values: FAS = 119 (3.8%), communication with mother = 42 (0.8%), communication with father = 11(0.2%)
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