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Table 3 Bivariate analysis of the association between risk factors and NCDs

From: Prevalence of non-communicable diseases and its risk factors among Ijegun-Isheri Osun residents in Lagos State, Nigeria: a community based cross-sectional study

  Hypertension p-value DM p-value Dyslipidemia p-value
Variables Yes (%) No (%)   Yes (%) No (%)   Yes (%) No (%)  
Age
  < 40 years 14 (18.4) 92 (66.2)   0 (0.0) 106 (51.7)   18 (17.5) 88 (78.6)  
 40-60 years 36 (47.4) 39 (28.0) < 0.001 3 (30.0) 72 (35.1) < 0.001 53 (51.5) 22 (19.6) < 0.001
  > 60 years 26 (34.2) 8 (5.8)   7 (70.0) 27 (13.2)   32 (31.1) 2 (1.8)  
Sex
 Male 32 (42.1) 58 (41.7) 0.96 4 (40.0) 86 (41.9) 0.90 38 (36.9) 52 (46.4) 0.16
 Female 44 (57.9) 81 (58.3)   6 (60.0) 119 (58.1)   65 (63.1) 60 (53.6)  
Marital status
 Married 67 (89.3) 77 (56.2) < 0.001 7 (70.0) 137 (67.8) 0.88 91 (90.1) 53 (47.7) < 0.001
 Unmarried 8 (10.7) 60 (43.8)   3 (30.0) 65 (32.2)   10 (9.9) 58 (52.3)  
Occupation
 Employed 63 (84.0) 76 (56.7) < 0.001 7 (70.0) 132 (66.3) 0.81 91 (89.2) 48 (44.9) < 0.001
 Unemployed 12 (16.0) 58 (43.3)   3 (30.0) 67 (33.7)   11 (10.8) 59 (55.1)  
Hypertension
 Yes 10 (0.0) 66 (32.2) < 0.001 62 (60.2) 14 (12.5) < 0.001
 No 0 (0.0) 139 (67.8)   41 (39.8) 98 (87.5)  
DM status
 Yes 10 (13.2) 0 (0.0) < 0.001 9 (8.7) 1 (0.9) < 0.01
 No 66 (86.8) 139 (100.0)   94 (91.3) 111 (99.1)  
Smoking
 Yes 34 (44.7) 44 (38.9) 0.43 3 (30.0) 75 (41.9) 0.46 51 (49.5) 27 (31.4) 0.01
 No 42 (55.3) 69 (61.1)   7 (70.0) 104 (58.1)   52 (50.5) 59 (68.6)  
Alcohol consumption
 Yes 58 (76.3) 79 (69.9) 0.33 7 (70.0) 130 (72.6) 0.86 77 (74.8) 60 (69.8) 0.44
 No 18 (23.7) 34 (30.1)   3 (30.0) 49 (27.4)   26 (25.2) 26 (30.2)  
Physical activity
 Yes 36 (47.4) 64 (56.6) 0.21 4 (40.0) 96 (53.6) 0.40 45 (43.7) 55 (63.9) < 0.01
 No 40 (52.6) 49 (43.4)   6 (60.0) 83 (46.4)   58 (56.3) 31 (36.1)  
Dyslipidemia
 Yes 62 (81.6) 41 (29.5) < 0.001 9 (90.0) 94 (45.8) < 0.01
 No 14 (18.4) 98 (70.5)   1 (10.0) 111 (54.2)  
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