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Table 2 Number of averted admissions, stratified by inpatient visit (IPV) and outpatient visit (OPV), per one-unit average increase in VHWs per health center. Table also shows the associated cost saved for each stratified category

From: Evaluating the effect of village health workers on hospital admission rates and their economic impact in the Kingdom of Bhutan

Disease Models No. Outpatient Visit Averted (Cost Saved in United States Dollar) No. Inpatient Visit Averted (Cost Saved in United States Dollar) Total No. Cases Averted (Cost Saved in United States Dollar)
Diarrhea 456 ($1646) 26 ($2984) 482 ($4630)
Dysentery 107 ($386) 8 ($967) 115 ($1353)
Wound Care 926 ($20,020)   926 ($20,020)
Depression/Anxiety 109 ($717) 30 ($5038) 139 ($5755)
Dental Caries 2232 ($3056)   2232 ($3056)
Skin Infections 774 ($2812) 14 ($1722) 788 ($4534)
Total 4604 ($28,637) 78 ($10,711) 4682 ($39,348)
  1. Table 2 displays the reported OR estimates for each of the disease models, we estimate 4604 OPV averted, with $28,637 saved, and 78 IPV averted, with $10,711 saved. These values sum to a total of 4682 averted admissions at health centers, with a total cost savings of $39,348. Based on our model of 42 Bhutanese health centers, an addition of one VHW to the nation of Bhutan would generate a total cost saving of $937 and avert 111 cases; total cost saved and total number of averted cases ($39,348 and 4682) divided by the number of health centers modeled (42)