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Table 4 Comparison of anthropometric and body composition parameters between treatment and control groups. Values expressed as mean (SD)

From: Effectiveness of martial arts exercise on anthropometric and body composition parameters of overweight and obese subjects: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Group BMI Waist circumference % fat mass
Before After Before After Before After
Tsang et al. [30] 2009 Treatment 32.1 (6.7) 32.7 (7.8) 99.1 (17.9) 100.2 (19.3) 44.6 (6.6) 43.1 (7.6)
Control 34.0 (7.0) 34.2 (7.2) 106.5 (16.7) 103.6 (17.1) a 47.7 (5.3) 47.4 (5.6)
Beebe et al. [31] 2013 Treatment 33.7 (4.8) 32.8 (5.0) 105.6 (9.1) 102.0 (10.4) b NR NR
Control 34.8 (2.9) 33.4 (3.1) b 107.1 (9.0) 101.9 (10.6) b NR NR
Chen et al. [32] 2010 Treatment 33.5 (4.8) 31.3 (4.2) a, b NR NR NR NR
Control 33.2 (4.1) 32.8 (4.4) NR NR NR NR
Chyu et al. [33] 2013 Treatment 36.1 (5.4) 35.7 (5.9) NR NR NR NR
Control 35.6 (7.1) 36.2 (7.7) NR NR NR NR
Dechamps et al. [34] 2009 Treatment 37.4 (4.8) 36.0 (5.6) b NR NR 48.5 (4.3) 45.6 (5.1) b
Control 38.5 (7.3) 39.3 (8.2) NR NR 50.3 (7.0) 48.1 (4.7)
Katkowski et al. [35] 2013 Treatment 34.3 (5.1) NRb 106.8 (2.6) 103.6 (3.0) b 34.9 (1.2) 30.9 (1.4) b
Control 34.8 (2.9) NR 107.1(2.5) 102.0 (2.9) b 33.5 (1.8) 28.1 (1.1) a, b
  1. aSignificant difference between treatment and control groups; bSignificant difference between pre and post intervention; p < 0.05; BMI body mass index, NR not reported, SD standard deviation