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Table 3 Self-care practices among adults with diabetes and factors associated with self-care in Dire Dawa public hospitals, 2018

From: Self- care practices and associated factors among adult diabetic patients in public hospitals of Dire Dawa administration, Eastern Ethiopia

Variables Self-care practice COR; 95% CI AOR; (95% CI
Good N (%) Poor N (%)
Duration of disease in Year
 1–5 16(39) 25(61) 1.00 1.00
 6–10 years 90(51.75) 84(48.3) 0.146(0.84–3.35) 1.56(0.99–2.46)
  > 10 years 177(60.8) 114(39.2) 2.426(1.24–4.74) 3.339(1.51–7.38)
DM Education
 Received 153(66.2) 78(33.8) 2.188(1.52–3.13) 2.20(1.34–3.62)*
 Not received 130(47.3) 145(52.7) 1.00 1.00
Sex
 Male 143(63) 84(37) 1.00 1.00
 Female 140(50.2) 139(49.8) 1.69(1.182–2.416) 0.906(0.55–1.48)
Disease knowledge
 Good 188(69.4) 83(30.6) 3.338(2.31–4.81) 2.144(1.37–3.34)*
 poor 95(40.4) 140(59.6) 1.00 1.00
Glucometer at home
 Yes 78(83.9) 15(16.1) 5.27(2.93–9.47) 2.69(1.56–4.62)*
 No 205(49.6) 208(50.4) 1.00 1.00
Mode of treatment
 Tablet 167(53.9) 143(46.1) 1.00 1.00
 Insulin 116(59.2) 80(40.8) 0.80(0.56–1.15) 0.97(0.61–1.54)
Educational level
 Not read and write 62(47.7) 68(52.3) 1.00 1.00
 Read and write 26(37.1) 44(62.9) 0.64(0.35–1.17) 0.77(0.36–1.63)
 Elementary school 58(57.4) 43(42.6) 1.48(0.87–2.49) 1.55(0.75–3.17)
 Secondary school 74(61.7) 46(38.3) 1.764(1.066–2.92) 1.95(0.95–3.95)
 College and above 63(74.1) 22(25.9) 3.14(1.73–5.69) 2.70(1.17–6.25)*
Marital status
 Married 162(58.7) 114(41.3) 1.53(0.97–2.49) 0.77(0.42–1.39)
 Single 44(62) 27(38) 1.75(0.78–3.21) 0.859(0.36–2.00)
 Widowed 26(49.1) 27(50.9) 1.038(0.53–2.00) 0.747(0.33–1.69)
 Separated 51(48.1) 55(51.9) 1.00 1.00
Family support
 Having 246(62.8) 146(37.2) 2.28(1.52–3.43) 2.69(1.56–4.62)*
 Not having 37(32.5) 77(67.5) 1.00 1.00
Treatment satisfaction
 Satisfied 240(58.1) 173(41.9) 1.61(1.02–2.53) 2.06(1.18–3.61)*
 Not satisfied 43(46.2) 50(53.8) 1.00 1.00
Wealth index
 Low 76(44.7) 94(55.3) 1.00 1.00
 Medium 123(63.7) 70(36.3) 2.1(1.42–3.31) 1.47(0.85–2.53)
 High 84(58.7) 59(41.3) 1.76(1.12–2.76) 1.88(1.02–3.47)
  1. *Statistically significant at P < 0.05