Skip to main content

Table 2 Patterns of sedentary behavior and physical activity measured by activPALa

From: Device-assessed physical activity and sedentary behavior in a community-based cohort of older adults

  N Sitting time
(mins/day)
Standing time
(mins/day)
Stepping time
(mins/day)
Steps
(steps/day)
Sit-to-Stand transitions
(number/day)
Sitting bout duration
(mins/bout)
Sitting bouts of 30+ mins
(bouts/day)
Overall 997 610 (603, 618) 233 (226, 239) 81 (79, 84) 6302 (6108, 6496) 43 (42, 44) 17 (16, 18) 5.9 (5.8, 6.0)
Age category
 65–69 126 585 (565, 605) 238 (223, 254) 101 (94, 107) 8102 (7517, 8687) 44 (42, 46) 15 (14, 16) 5.6 (5.3, 5.9)
 70–74 300 583 (570, 596) 244 (234, 255) 96 (92, 101) 7638 (7216, 8060) 45 (43, 46) 15 (14, 16) 5.6 (5.4, 5.8)
 75–79 235 606 (590, 621) 234 (222, 247) 84 (79, 89) 6492 (6069, 6915) 42 (40, 44) 17 (15, 18) 5.8 (5.6, 6.1)
 80–84 173 608 (590, 627) 239 (224, 254) 76 (72, 81) 5752 (5346, 6159) 42 (41, 44) 16 (15, 18) 5.9 (5.6, 6.1)
 85–89 114 625 (602, 647) 235 (214, 255) 64 (59, 70) 4852 (4410, 5294) 42 (40, 45) 18 (16, 20) 6.0 (5.7, 6.3)
 90+ 49 696 (667, 726) 179 (155, 203) 49 (41, 56) 3553 (2934, 4172) 41 (36, 46) 25 (15, 35) 7.0 (6.4, 7.5)
  p-value   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.138 0.011 < 0.001
Gender
 Female 552 593 (583, 604) 249 (240, 258) 81 (79, 84) 6275 (6034, 6516) 44 (43, 46) 15 (15, 16) 5.7 (5.5, 5.8)
 Male 445 631 (621, 642) 212 (203, 220) 81 (78, 85) 6336 (6015, 6657) 41 (40, 43) 19 (16, 22) 6.2 (6.0, 6.3)
  p-value   < 0.001 < 0.001 0.889 0.766 0.002 0.012 < 0.001
Race/ethnicity
 People of color 106 607 (583, 631) 244 (223, 265) 73 (67, 80) 5655 (5080, 6230) 44 (40, 47) 17 (15, 19) 5.6 (5.3, 5.9)
 Non-Hispanic white 891 610 (603, 618) 231 (225, 238) 82 (80, 85) 6393 (6189, 6598) 43 (42, 44) 17 (16, 18) 5.9 (5.8, 6.1)
  p-value   0.797 0.263 0.007 0.017 0.579 0.735 0.078
Education
 High school or less 90 614 (585, 644) 228 (204, 252) 82 (75, 89) 6347 (5732, 6963) 42 (38, 46) 17 (13, 20) 6.0 (5.6, 6.4)
 Post-secondary 907 609 (602, 617) 233 (227, 240) 81 (79, 84) 6296 (6097, 6495) 43 (42, 44) 17 (16, 19) 5.9 (5.8, 6.0)
  p-value   0.746 0.663 0.879 0.874 0.735 0.778 0.597
BMI
 Underweight 9 619 (500, 737) 226 (127, 325) 79 (57, 102) 6041 (4545, 7537) 47 (35, 60) 15 (11, 20) 6.4 (4.1, 8.8)
 Normal weight 366 581 (570, 592) 251 (242, 260) 92 (88, 95) 7266 (6930, 7602) 46 (44, 48) 16 (13, 18) 5.5 (5.3, 5.7)
Overweight 393 604 (593, 616) 235 (226, 245) 84 (81, 88) 6497 (6203, 6790) 43 (42, 44) 16 (15, 17) 5.8 (5.7, 6.0)
 Obese 229 664 (648, 679) 199 (186, 213) 61 (57, 65) 4512 (4201, 4822) 38 (37, 40) 21 (19, 22) 6.6 (6.4, 6.8)
p-value   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Self-rated health
 Excellent 183 570 (555, 585) 257 (245, 270) 97 (92, 102) 7683 (7199, 8167) 45 (43, 46) 14 (14, 15) 5.3 (5.1, 5.5)
 Very good 432 600 (591, 610) 237 (229, 245) 87 (84, 90) 6826 (6538, 7114) 43 (42, 44) 16 (15, 17) 5.8 (5.7, 6.0)
 Good 304 623 (609, 636) 226 (215, 237) 76 (72, 80) 5730 (5398, 6061) 43 (42, 45) 17 (16, 19) 6.1 (5.9, 6.3)
 Fair 68 666 (636, 696) 199 (172, 225) 59 (52, 66) 4495 (3935, 5054) 40 (36, 43) 24 (16, 31) 6.1 (5.6, 6.7)
 Poor 10 604 (524, 685) 260 (179, 340) 60 (45, 74) 4337 (3175, 5500) 41 (32, 50) 15 (11, 19) 6.1 (5.1, 7.1)
  p-value   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.207 < 0.001 < 0.001
Depressive symptoms
 CESD score < 10 908 607 (599, 615) 234 (227, 240) 83 (81, 86) 6467 (6263, 6671) 43 (42, 44) 17 (15, 18) 5.9 (5.7, 6.0)
 CESD score ≥ 10 89 638 (608, 667) 223 (196, 249) 64 (57, 70) 4805 (4296, 5313) 40 (37, 43) 20 (17, 22) 6.2 (5.9, 6.6)
p-value   0.049 0.430 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.035 0.093 0.063
Cognitive impairment
 No 976 609 (602, 616) 233 (227, 239) 82 (80, 84) 6335 (6139, 6531) 43 (42, 44) 16 (16, 17) 5.9 (5.8, 6.0)
 Yes 21 625 (570, 680) 224 (180, 268) 75 (60, 89) 5742 (4664, 6821) 41 (31, 51) 30 (13, 47) 5.3 (4.4, 6.2)
  p-value   0.582 0.701 0.347 0.291 0.642 0.109 0.165
Difficulty walking half mile
 None 751 587 (579, 595) 245 (239, 252) 91 (89, 94) 7224 (6995, 7453) 44 (43, 45) 15 (14, 16) 5.7 (5.5, 5.8)
 Some 141 624 (605, 643) 231 (215, 247) 69 (63, 74) 5081 (4640, 5522) 41 (38, 44) 19 (16, 21) 6.1 (5.8, 6.4)
 A lot / Unable 105 691 (668, 714) 182 (162, 202) 51 (46, 56) 3668 (3292, 4044) 39 (36, 42) 23 (19, 28) 6.6 (6.3, 7.0)
  p-value   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Hypertension
 No 536 595 (585, 605) 244 (235, 252) 85 (82, 88) 6635 (6363, 6906) 44 (42, 45) 16 (15, 17) 5.7 (5.6, 5.9)
 Yes 461 625 (614, 636) 222 (213, 230) 77 (74, 81) 5978 (5707, 6248) 42 (41, 44) 18 (16, 20) 6.0 (5.9, 6.2)
  p-value   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.001 0.257 0.008 0.005
Coronary artery disease
 No 869 605 (597, 614) 235 (229, 242) 83 (81, 86) 6465 (6247, 6682) 43 (42, 44) 17 (15, 19) 5.8 (5.7, 6.0)
 Yes 128 635 (613, 657) 217 (198, 236) 71 (66, 77) 5407 (4935, 5880) 41 (39, 44) 17 (14, 20) 6.3 (6.0, 6.6)
  p-value   0.015 0.081 < 0.001 < 0.001 0.156 0.868 < 0.007
  1. aValues shown in the table are the means (95% confidence intervals) of the average daily pattern metric adjusted for wear time and demographic factors (age, gender, race/ethnicity, and education) and weighted to account for selection due to factors related to device-wear consent. P-values correspond to tests for differences in means across levels of the factors. The selection model used to generate weights was based on all covariates shown in Table 1. activPAL-wear participants missing covariates that were used in the selection model (N = 42 participants) were excluded from the above weighted summary table