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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of drug-resistant tuberculosis patients in Amhara region hospitals (n = 432)

From: Factors influencing the length of hospital stay during the intensive phase of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment at Amhara regional state hospitals, Ethiopia: a retrospective follow up study

Characteristics Category Frequency (%)
Age in years ≤24 142 (32.8)
25–34 136 (31.5)
35–44 82 (19)
≥45 72 (16.7)
Level of education No formal education 186 (43)
Primary school 132 (30.6)
Secondary school 75 (17.4)
Diploma and above 39 (9)
Housing condition Homeless 19 (4.4)
Had housing 413 (96.4)
Occupation Unemployed 171 (39.6)
Government employed 39 (9)
Private 187 (43.5)
Student 35 (8.1)
Has treatment supporter Yes 367 (85)
No 65 (15)
HIV confection Yes 319 (73.8)
No 113 (26.2)
Diagnostic methods GeneXpert Assay 203 (47)
LPA 157 (36.3)
Culture and DST 64 (8)
Clinically 16 (3.7)
Baseline culture result (n = 430) Positive 352 (81.5)
Negative 20 (4.6)
Unknown 60 (13.9)
Registration group New 57 (13.2)
Previously treated 375 (86.8)
Functional status at admission Working 47 (10.9)
Ambulatory 304 (70.4)
Bed ridden 81 (18.7)
Body mass index (BMI) baseline Low 115 (26.6)
Normal 313 (72.5)
Overweight 4 (0.9)
Base line Hgb in g/dl < 7 g/dl 11 (2.5)
7–9.9 49 (11.3)
10–12.9 143 (33.1)
> = 13 148 (34.3)
Unknown 81 (18.8)
Adverse drug effects (ADE) Yes 307 (71.1)
No 125 (28.9)
Drug side effects (n = 307) Gastro-intestinal upset 240 (78.2)
Electrolyte disturbance 105 (34.2)
Nephrotoxicity 25 (8.1)
Psychosis 40 (13)
Arthralgia 74 (24.1)
Neuropathy 19 (6.2)
Ototoxicity 8 (2.6)
Others 14 (4.5)
Radiological findings Cavitation 181 (41.9)
Infiltrations 115 (26.6)
Consolidations 78 (18.1)
Chronic changes 107 (24.8)
Others* 57 (13.2)