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Table 4 Predictors of diabetes among adults residing within and outside high-prevalence clusters in Florida, 2013

From: Investigation of geographic disparities of pre-diabetes and diabetes in Florida

Predictor Model for Cluster Counties Model for Non-cluster Counties
ORa (95% CIb) p-value ORa (95% CIb) p-value
BMI (kg/m2)
 Obese (≥30) 2.99 (2.04, 4.40) < 0.001 3.68 (2.84, 4.76) < 0.001
 Overweight (25–29.9) 1.62 (1.09, 2.43) 0.019 2.06 (1.56, 2.73) < 0.001
 Underweight (< 18.5) 1.47 (0.54, 3.99) 0.445 0.40 (0.18, 0.88) 0.024
 Normal (18.5–24.9) Referent Referent
Hypertension
 Yes 3.98 (2.98, 5.33) < 0.001 2.44 (1.85, 3.23) < 0.001
 No Referent Referent
Hypercholesterolemia
 Yes 1.67 (1.27, 2.19) < 0.001 1.86 (1.45, 2.39) < 0.001
 No Referent Referent
Arthritis
 Yes 1.48 (1.14, 1.93) 0.004
 No Referent
Income
  < $15,000 3.34 (2.11, 5.27) < 0.001 1.63 (1.10, 2.42) 0.015
 $15,000 - < $25,000 1.65 (1.16, 2.37) 0.006 1.51 (1.13, 2.03) 0.006
 $25,000 - < $35,000 1.84 (1.22, 2.78) 0.004 1.36 (0.96, 1.92) 0.085
 $35,000 - < $50,000 1.18 (0.78, 1.79) 0.442 1.10 (0.81, 1.50) 0.532
  ≥ $50,000 Referent Referent
Age
  ≥ 65 years 2.20 (1.53, 3.16) < 0.001 3.14 (2.32, 4.24) < 0.001
 55–64 years 1.79 (1.20, 2.68) 0.004 2.15 (1.55, 2.98) < 0.001
 18–54 years Referent Referent
Sex
 Male 1.68 (1.30, 2.19) < 0.001
 Female Referent
Physical activity level
 Inactive 1.47 (1.09, 1.98) 0.013 1.61 (1.24, 2.08) < 0.001
 Insufficiently active (1-149 min of moderately intense exercise/week) 1.64 (1.06, 2.53) 0.027 1.13 (0.83, 1.55) 0.438
 Active (150-300 min of moderately intense or vigorous equiv./week) 1.46 (0.94, 2.28) 0.091 1.32 (0.95, 1.84) 0.102
 Highly active (≥300 min of moderately intense or vigorous equiv./week) Referent Referent
Educational attainment   
 Less than high school    1.76 (1.13, 2.74) 0.013
 High school graduate    0.98 (0.75, 1.28) 0.883
 Some college    0.97 (0.75, 1.27) 0.845
 College graduate    Referent
Marital status
 Married 2.16 (1.28, 3.63) 0.004
 Separated, divorced, or widowed 1.59 (0.94, 2.70) 0.086
 Never married Referent
Smoking status   
  ≥ 100 lifetime cigarettes    1.30 (1.03, 1.63) 0.025
  < 100 lifetime cigarettes    Referent
  1. aOdds ratio
  2. bConfidence interval