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Table 4 Multivariable associations between good self-reported health and time allocation among married women by country

From: Determinants and impact of role-related time use allocation on self-reported health among married men and women: a cross-national comparative study

  Germany Italy Spain UK USA
aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Time use (allocation)
 Paidwork hours/day
  Less than 1 (ref)
  1 to 5 1.06 (0.90–1.23) 0.87 (0.71–1.07) 1.14 (0.89–1.46) 1.77 (1.31–2.40) 0.96 (0.66–1.39)
  > 5 to 8 1.22 (1.03–1.44) 0.87 (0.72–1.06) 1.17 (0.94–1.46) 2.72 (1.99–3.72) 0.88 (0.63–1.23)
  > 8 1.17 (0.95–1.44) 0.77 (0.59–1.01) 1.47 (1.11–1.96) 2.65 (1.83–3.83) 0.87 (0.61–1.25)
 Childcare hours/day
  Less than 1 (ref)
  1 to 3 0.91 (0.78–1.07) 0.91 (0.75–1.10) 1.27 (0.99–1.62) 1.24 (0.95–1.62) 1.20 (0.90–1.59)
  > 3 to 6 1.11 (0.83–1.47) 0.88 (0.66–1.17) 1.83 (1.17–2.86) 1.66 (1.07–2.58) 1.68 (1.02–2.77)
  > 6 1.36 (0.56–3.27) 1.05 (0.51–2.17) 1.22 (0.50–2.93) 2.37 (0.91–6.17) 0.92 (0.39–2.17)
 House work hours/day
  Less than 1 (ref)
  1 to 3 1.21 (0.98–1.49) 0.74 (0.53–1.04) 1.35 (0.97–1.88) 1.17 (0.81–1.68) 1.14 (0.82–1.59)
  > 3 to 6 1.23 (0.99–1.51) 0.71 (0.52–0.99) 1.13 (0.82–1.54) 1.26 (0.88–1.80) 1.31 (0.93–1.87)
  > 6 1.15 (0.91–1.45) 0.55 (0.39–0.78) 1.11 (0.78–1.57) 1.69 (1.16–2.47) 1.20 (0.82–1.78)
Observations 8123 4554 4515 3865 5858
  1. Adjusted by age, age squared, education, number of children under 18 in the household, household size, mean hours spent on various occupations. Time allocation is measured in hours per day. Selection bias corrected using mills-ratio
  2. CI 95% confidence interval, aOR Adjusted odds ratios