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Table 2 Description of the study sample among married women (in percentages, means and SD) by country

From: Determinants and impact of role-related time use allocation on self-reported health among married men and women: a cross-national comparative study

  Germany Italy Spain UK USA
Mean / % SD Mean/ % SD Mean/ % SD Mean/ % SD Mean/ % SD
Time use (allocation)
 Paidwork hours/day 3.06 3.55 3.03 3.56 4.30 3.81 2.38 3.51 3.63 4.08
  Less than 1 50.2%   52.4%   36.6%   63.6%   49.3%  
  1 to 5 17.4%   13.1%   14.2%   10.3%   10.9%  
  > 5 to 8 19.7%   24.2%   33.0%   15.5%   19.7%  
  > 8 12.7%   10.4%   16.3%   10.6%   20.1%  
 Childcare hours/day 0.56 1.12 0.72 1.37 0.71 1.39 0.72 1.42 0.99 1.58
  Less than 1 79.5%   75.2%   75.0%   75.0%   66.8%  
  1 to 3 15.5%   16.7%   17.4%   17.5%   22.3%  
  > 3 to 6 4.5%   6.9%   6.4%   6.0%   9.1%  
  > 6 0.5%   1.2%   1.2%   1.4%   1.8%  
 House work hours/day 4.07 2.53 4.76 2.66 4.04 2.40 4.33 2.55 4.11 3.01
  Less than 1 8.8%   5.9%   8.0%   8.5%   13.2%  
  1 to 3 27.6%   20.2%   26.8%   24.5%   29.7%  
  > 3 to 6 43.2%   44.8%   46.7%   41.7%   32.3%  
  > 6 20.5%   29.1%   18.5%   25.3%   24.8%  
Occupation
 Management 35.8%   30.5%   35.8%   33.7%   35.9%  
 Service 1.1%   18.5%   7.5%   8.8%   16.1%  
 Sales & Office Work 53.5%   26.1%   44.2%   46.5%   34.9%  
 Natural, Construction & Maintenance 2.0%   9.8%   6.5%   6.5%   7.8%  
 Production, Transport & material moving 1.6%   3.2%   5.0%   0.5%   0.3%  
 Military specialization 5.9%   1.2%   0.6%   0.9%   0.6%  
 Self employment non-professionals   10.7%   0.5%   3.2%   4.5%  
Age 41.58 9.16 41.45 8.66 41.25 8.85 41.15 10.34 41.05 9.41
 20–29 10.1%   8.6%   9.7%   14.8%   12.2%  
 30–39 28.5%   35.3%   34.7%   30.6%   33.7%  
 40–49 40.8%   35.3%   35.5%   28.2%   32.7%  
 50+ 20.5%   20.8%   20.1%   26.3%   21.4%  
Education
 Incomplete Sec. or less 10.8%   8.4%   14.7%   34.5%   5.4%  
 Secondary completed 59.1%   77.1%   52.4%   37.3%   23.5%  
 Tertiary Completed or above 30.1%   14.5%   32.9%   28.2%   71.2%  
Household size 3.08 1.20 3.43 0.99 3.59 1.12 3.28 1.22 3.54 1.20
 1 Member 8.9%   0.0%   0.0%   0.3%   0.0%  
 2 Members 25.2%   18.6%   17.7%   33.9%   22.9%  
 3+ Members 65.8%   81.4%   82.3%   65.8%   77.1%  
Number of children < 18 0.82 0.88 0.80 0.92 0.92 0.92 1.00 1.13 1.31 1.12
 0 44.5%   49.9%   40.9%   46.1%   28.9%  
 1 to 3 51.9%   46.5%   54.8%   43.4%   57.8%  
 3+ 3.6%   3.6%   4.3%   10.5%   13.4%