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Table 1 Description of the study sample among married men (in percentages, means and SD) by country

From: Determinants and impact of role-related time use allocation on self-reported health among married men and women: a cross-national comparative study

  Germany Italy Spain UK USA
Mean / % SD Mean/ % SD Mean/ % SD Mean/ % SD Mean/ % SD
Time use (allocation)
 Paidwork hours/day 4.71 4.28 4.47 4.31 5.79 4.46 4.22 4.58 4.79 4.68
  Less than 1 39.3%   42.5%   31.9%   48.8%   41.4%  
  1 to 5 8.5%   8.0%   4.9%   6.7%   9.0%  
  > 5 to 8 21.6%   21.9%   23.0%   14.6%   16.3%  
  > 8 30.6%   27.6%   40.2%   29.8%   33.3%  
 Childcare hours/day 0.32 0.76 0.41 0.91 0.36 0.89 0.36 0.90 0.71 1.39
  Less than 1 (ref) 87.3%   83.0%   85.9%   86.7%   75.3%  
  1 to 3 10.7%   13.7%   11.2%   10.2%   17.5%  
  > 3 to 6 1.9%   3.1%   2.8%   2.8%   5.9%  
  > 6 0.1%   0.2%   0.2%   0.3%   1.4%  
 House work hours/day 2.59 2.46 1.67 2.10 1.58 2.00 2.62 2.54 2.91 2.88
  Less than 1 (ref) 29.5%   50.9%   51.3%   33.7%   31.4%  
  1 to 3 36.0%   27.2%   29.2%   30.5%   29.8%  
  > 3 to 6 24.8%   17.1%   15.4%   24.4%   24.1%  
  > 6 9.8%   4.8%   4.0%   11.4%   14.8%  
Occupation
 Management 28.7%   29.5%   35.1%   50.1%   39.4%  
 Service 1.1%   4.6%   1.3%   0.6%   4.0%  
 Sales & Office Work 39.6%   17.6%   13.5%   12.4%   15.0%  
 Natural, Construction & Maintenance 12.9%   36.0%   40.2%   27.0%   31.1%  
 Production, Transport & material moving 3.7%   3.3%   4.4%   1.5%   0.8%  
 Military specialization 14.0%   3.3%   4.2%   1.1%   3.3%  
 Self employment non-professionals   5.7%   1.3%   7.3%   6.5%  
Age 42.47 9.68 43.39 8.40 43.75 8.84 42.23 10.12 41.77 9.25
 20–29 10.6%   4.7%   5.5%   11.6%   10.3%  
 30–39 25.0%   30.3%   28.5%   31.0%   31.8%  
 40–49 39.3%   38.1%   37.1%   28.2%   35.1%  
 50+ 25.1%   26.9%   29.0%   29.2%   22.8%  
Education
 Incomplete Sec. or less 7.2%   11.3%   17.4%   32.2%   7.7%  
 Secondary completed 46.9%   78.3%   56.6%   39.5%   24.3%  
 Tertiary Completed or above 45.9%   10.4%   26.0%   28.4%   68.0%  
Household size 3.35 1.26 3.59 1.00 3.72 1.13 3.31 1.23 3.69 1.24
 1 Member 8.3%   0.0%   0.0%   0.2%   0.2%  
 2 Members 16.9%   14.3%   14.1%   32.4%   19.2%  
 3+ Members 74.9%   85.7%   85.9%   67.4%   80.8%  
Number of children < 18 0.86 0.91 0.94 0.98 1.00 0.95 1.04 1.14 1.49 1.17
 0 43.0%   43.7%   37.9%   44.1%   24.1%  
 1 to 3 52.7%   50.8%   57.0%   44.9%   59.1%  
 3+ 4.3%   5.5%   5.1%   10.9%   16.9%