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Table 6 Evidence on community engagement for the immunization program

From: What we know and don’t know about the immunization program of Ethiopia: a scoping review of the literature

S.N Author Design Sample Topic Study area Major findings/Conclusions
1 Yihunie L (2011) Cross-sectional 1927 Factors influencing full immunization coverage National • Women’s awareness of community conversation program is the predictor of full immunization
2 Shiferaw B (2013) Cross-sectional 634 Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Mothers Towards
Immunization of
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Only 55.0, 53.8, and 84% of respondents had good knowledge, positive attitude, and good practice towards immunization of infants, respectively
3 Hailay G (2015) Case control study 90 cases and 180 controls Determinants of defaulting from completion of child immunization Laelay Adiabo District, Tigray • Households not visited by HEWs; poor participation in women’s developmental groups and poor knowledge were predictors of defaulting
4 Chantler T (2016) Formative evaluation with qualitative design A total of 46 interviews and six FGDs We All Work Together to Vaccinate the Child’: A Formative Evaluation of a Community-Engagement Strategy Assosa and Bambasi woredas, Benshangual_Gumuz region • The Enat Mastawesha calendar enabled health discussions between family member
• Involving communities and relevant leaders in immunization programs can be very effective
5 Nina B (2017) cross-sectional survey 350 caregivers Vaccine hesitancy among caregivers and association with vaccination timeliness Addis Ababa, Ethiopia • 3.4% reported ever hesitating and 3.7% ever refusing Vaccine hesitancy increases the odds of untimely vaccination
6 Asamne Z(2015) A qualitative study Twenty-six in-depth interviews Reasons for defaulting from childhood
immunization program: a qualitative study
Two districts of Hadiya zone, Southern Ethiopia The main reason for defaulting from the immunization was inadequate counseling of mothers and poor provider-client relationships
7 Tefera T(2017) A qualitative multiple case study design 63 focus group of 630 samples Factors and misperceptions of routine childhood immunization service uptake in Ethiopia: findings from a nationwide qualitative study National • Lack of information at times of vaccination day and prolonged waiting time were the barriers
• Significant misperceived benefits of immunization in the community
• Immunization is dependent on major factors: caretakers’ behavior, family characteristics, information and communication
8 Binyam T (2017) Mixed methods approach 21 key informant interviews How can the use of data at each level of the health system be
Increased to improve data quality, service delivery and shared accountability?
North Gondar Zone, North West, Ethiopia Community engagement and shared accountability are important to improve immunization program