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Table 3 Evidence on child immunization service availability

From: What we know and don’t know about the immunization program of Ethiopia: a scoping review of the literature

S.N Authors Design Sample size Topic Study area Major findings /conclusions
1 EPHI (2012) Cross sectional survey 585 government run health facilities Ethiopian national immunization coverage survey National • 42.5% of health facilities had a planned session interrupted
• Though more than 90% of the health facilities are providing routine EPI service, only 24.4% are providing the services daily
• In-service training on EPI service delivery was low for health facility staff within the past year (57%)
• The defaulter tracing system exists in 85% of health facilities
2 Habtamu B (2015) Review More than hundreds of related
Review on Measles Situation in Ethiopia; Past and Present National Accumulation of unvaccinated children in highly populated areas contributed for the frequent measles outbreaks occurring in different parts of the country
3 AschaleT(2014) A cross-sectional study 302 health facilities Factors contributing to routine immunization performance in Ethiopia National • Actions by higher levels in conducting supervision and providing written feedback are the likely significant factors contributing to good immunization performance in Ethiopia
4 EPHI (2014) Cross sectional 835 Ethiopia
Service Provision Assessment Plus Survey
National • 53% of facilities that offer child immunization services have guidelines and 47% of them have at least one staff member trained
• Majority of these facilities have equipment for vaccination services
5 USAID (2015) Cross-sectional household and facility surveys Selected health facilities Extended Program on Immunization (EPI) coverage in selected Ethiopian zones Seven Zones, Ethiopia • 99% of health posts and 96% of health centers were providing RI
• 37% of health centers were providing EPI services on a daily basis
• Facility level determinants including service interruption, training on EPI and defaulter tracing system were independent predictors of complete vaccination
6 EPHI (2016) Cross sectional 705 health facilities SARA, Ethiopia National • 16% of facilities offered immunization services only in daily basis at the facility
• Availability of the six antigens ranged between 29% for Oral Polio Vaccine to 36% for measles