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Table 4 Prevalence and intensity of intestinal helminths and protozoa infections among children [N = 962]

From: Association of nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene practices with children’s nutritional status, intestinal parasitic infections and diarrhoea in rural Nepal: a cross-sectional study

Parasite (No. of samples examined =962) Prevalence of intestinal parasites [n (%)] Sex P-value Age group P-value Study Site P-value Mean eggs per gram±SE (epgb)
Male Female < 5 years >  5 years Surkhet A [n(%)] Surkhet B [n (%)] Dailekh [n (%)] Accham [n (%)]
Nematodes
Trichuris trichiuraa 7 (0.7) 4 (0.7) 3 (0.7) 0.99 1 (0.2) 6 (1.6) 0.01 2 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 3 (1.7) 2 (0.8) 0.23 4.15 ± 43.0
 Hookworma 31 (3.2) 16 (2.9) 15 (3.6) 0.54 18 (3.0) 13 (3.6) 0.64 13 (5.0) 7 (2.5) 8 (4.5) 3 (1.2) 0.06 16.8 ± 92.6
Enterobius vermicularisa 26 (2.7) 15 (2.7) 11 (2.7) 0.94 14 (2.4) 12 (3.3) 0.38 3 (1.2) 4 (1.4) 9 (5.1) 10 (4.0) 0.02 20.8 ± 99.4
Ascaris lumbricoidesa 203 (21.1) 114(20.8) 89(21.5) 0.79 140(23.5) 63(17.3) 0.02 46(17.8) 68 (24.5) 68(38.4) 21 (8.4) 0.01 110 ± 238.4
Cestodes
Hymenolepsis nanaa 44 (4.6) 18 (3.3) 26 (6.3) 0.03 27 (4.5) 17 (4.7) 0.92 1 (0.4) 9 (3.2) 10 (5.7) 24 (9.6) 0.01 34.4 ± 152.2
Intestinal protozoa
Giardia lamblia 225 (23.4) 144 (26.3) 81 (19.6) 0.02 145 (24.3) 80 (21.9) 0.40 67 (26.0) 12 (4.3) 33 (18.6) 113 (45.4) 0.01  
  1. a The intensity of intestinal helminths in all participating children is light infection i.e. for Trichuris trichiura: 1–999; hookworm: 1–1999; Enterobius vermicularis: 1–2999; Ascaris lumbricoides: 1–4999
  2. b Egg counts/ egg per gram of faeces describe the intensity of parasitic infection