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Table 5 Cox proportional hazards models examining the associations between change in CMD status and the NCD outcomes (n = 5794)

From: Hospital admissions for non-communicable disease in the UK military and associations with alcohol use and mental health: a data linkage study

  Gastrointestinal disorders (failures = 229) Other joint disorders (failures = 196) Arthritis/osteoarthritis (failures = 113) Hypertension (failures = 92) Prostate and other genitourinary disease (failures = 65)
CMD change
 n (%) Not a case stable 137 (59.45%) 132 (69.67%) 74 (69.09%) 55 (61.20%) 39 (59.89%)
  Case stable 29 (13.43%) 24 (12.19%) 14 (9.32%) 11 (7.98%) 12 (16.04%)
  Positive change 32 (12.96%) 20 (10.22%) 11 (11.66%) 14 (14.63%)
  Negative change 29 (14.15%) 15 (7.92%) 10 (9.93%) 11 (16.19%) 9 (17.18%)
Unadjusted HR (95% CI) Not a case stable 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Case stable 1.93 (1.28–2.93) 1.44 (0.91–2.28) 1.55 (0.86–2.81) 1.65 (0.83–3.29) 2.11 (1.08–4.12)
  Positive change 1.63 (1.09–2.43) 1.00 (0.62–1.62) 0.92 (0.48–1.78) 1.82 (0.99–3.32)
  Negative change 1.59 (1.05–2.42) 0.75 (0.43–1.30) 1.03 (0.53–2.02) 1.53 (0.79–2.96) 1.59 (0.76–3.34)
Fully adjusted HR (95% CI) Not a case stable 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Case stable 1.98 (1.28–3.08) 1.37 (0.85–2.22) 1.46 (0.76–2.79) 1.56 (0.77–3.16) 2.02 (1.06–3.83)
  Positive change 1.65 (1.10–2.49) 0.99 (0.60–1.64) 1.03 (0.52–2.01) 1.69 (0.89–3.21) 0.47 (0.13–1.65)
  Negative change 1.77 (1.16–2.69) 0.70 (0.40–1.23) 1.18 (0.59–2.37) 1.62 (0.85–3.10) 1.72 (0.81–3.68)
  1. n (%) – unweighted frequencies and weighted percentages
  2. Model 1 – unadjusted hazard ratios (95% CI)
  3. Model 2 – hazard ratios (95% CI) adjusted for age, gender, marital status, rank, serving status, engagement type, service branch, deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan, primary role in parent unit and family relationship adversity in childhood, smoking status and alcohol use
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