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Table 2 Sample distribution and prevalence of malnutrition and food insecurity among children aged 0–59 months by Residence, Socioeconomic status, Mothers’ Education, Child age for Zimbabwe 2010/11 & 2015

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in food insecurity and malnutrition among under-five children: within and between-group inequalities in Zimbabwe

Characteristics Prevalence of malnutrition % % Difference Prevalence of food insecurity % % Difference
2010/11 2015   2010/11 2015  
Child Sex
 Male 54.42 49.01 −5.41 49.70 48.44 −1.26
 Female 45.58 50.99 5.41 50.30 51.56 1.26
 Chi-square 0.00 0.34   0.08 0.01  
Household Wealth Index
 Poor 46.56 56.16 9.6 51.75 53.75 2
 Middle 20.19 20.33 0.14 19.03 18.41 −0.62
 Rich 33.26 23.51 −9.75 29.22 27.84 −1.38
 Chi-square 0.00 0.00   0.00 0.01  
Mothers’ Education
 No Education 1.47 1.34 −0.13 1.32 1.53 0.21
 Primary 27.17 32.87 5.7 36.82 36.43 −0.39
 Secondary 70.22 61.59 −8.63 59.62 58.96 −0.66
 Tertiary 1.14 4.21 3.07 2.24 3.08 0.84
 Chi-square 0.34 0.39   0.61 0.35  
Child Age
 Neonates 1.18 3.52 −2.34 5.03 7.12 −2.09
 Infants 90.62 88.80 1.82 70.22 65.43 4.79
 Young Children 8.20 7.65 0.55 24.75 27.44 −2.69
 Chi-square 1.47 1.86   1.79 1.89  
Residence
 Urban 27.70 17.47 −10.23 21.06 20.56 −0.5
 Rural 72.30 82.53 10.23 78.94 79.44 0.5
 Chi-square 0.00 0.00   0.00 0.00