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Table 1 Characteristics of the subjects by DASH and aMed score groupsa

From: Association between diet quality and obesity indicators among the working-age adults in Inner Mongolia, Northern China: a cross-sectional study

  Total DASH aMed
T1 T2 T3 P T1 T2 T3 P
WC Abdominal obesitya 498(38.5) 184(40.9) 151(39.7) 163(35.1) 0.17 167(39.4) 194(42.7) 137(32.9) 0.01
BMI Overweight and obesitya 784(60.6) 278(61.8) 236(62.1) 270(58.2) 0.42 276(65.1) 273(60.1) 235(56.5) 0.04
WC-BMI High riska 816(63.1) 286(63.6) 248(65.3) 282(60.8) 0.39 285(67.2) 286(6) 245(58.9) 0.04
Gender Female 699(53.0) 228(49.9) 204(52.4) 267(56.3) 0.14 230(53.5) 233(50.5) 236(55.0) 0.40
Age < 35 190(14.4) 51(11.1) 64(16.5) 75(15.8) 0.02 65(15.1) 56(12.2) 69(16.1) 0.002
35–44 316(23.9) 130(28.5) 72(18.5) 114(24.1)   123(28.6) 95(20.6) 98(22.8)  
45–54 535(40.5) 176(38.5) 168(43.2) 191(40.3)   160(37.2) 188(40.8) 187(43.6)  
55–60 279(21.1) 100(21.9) 85(21.8) 94(19.8)   82(19.1) 122(26.4) 75(17.5)  
Place of residence Urban 527(39.9) 122(26.7) 127(32.7) 278(58.7) < 0.001 128(29.8) 151(32.8) 248(57.8) < 0.001
Ethnicity Han 1034(78.3) 322(70.5) 308(79.2) 404(85.2) < 0.001 321(74.6) 362(78.5) 351(81.8) < 0.001
Mongolian 233(17.7) 123(26.9) 65(16.7) 45(9.5)   97(22.6) 88(19.1) 48(11.2)  
Other minority 53(4.0) 12(2.6) 16(4.1) 25(5.3)   12(2.8) 11(2.4) 30(7.0)  
Education level Low 476(36.1) 227(49.7) 140(36.0) 109(23.0) < 0.001 201(46.7) 184(39.9) 91(21.2) < 0.001
Medium 485(36.7) 157(34.3) 147(37.8) 181(38.2)   149(34.7) 162(35.1) 174(40.6)  
High 359(27.2) 73(16.0) 102(26.2) 184(38.8)   80(18.6) 115(25.0) 164(38.2)  
Smoking status Current smokeing 409(31.0) 157(34.4) 117(30.1) 135(28.5) 0.40 141(32.8) 150(32.6) 118(27.5) 0.33
Quitting smoking 55(4.2) 17(3.7) 17(4.4) 21(4.4)   15(3.5) 18(3.9) 22(5.1)  
not smoking 856(64.8) 283(61.9) 255(65.5) 318(67.1)   274(63.7) 293(63.5) 289(67.4)  
Physical activity None 100(7.6) 43(9.4) 38(9.8) 19(4.0) < 0.001 37(8.6) 41(8.9) 22(5.1) 0.001
Inadequate 376(28.5) 99(21.7) 113(29.0) 164(34.6)   110(25.6) 112(24.3) 154(35.9)  
Suffıcient 844(63.9) 315(68.9) 238(61.2) 291(61.4)   283(65.8) 308(66.8) 253(59.0)  
Meals eaten outside the home Yes 230(17.4) 62(13.6) 78(20.1) 90(19.0) 0.03 58(13.5) 90(19.5) 82(19.1) 0.03
Drinking status Never 802(60.8) 275(60.2) 240(61.7) 287(60.6) 0.12 270(62.8) 266(57.7) 266(62.0) 0.18
Moderate 367(27.8) 126(27.6) 96(24.7) 145(30.6)   119(27.7) 129(28.0) 119(27.7)  
Excess 151(11.4) 56(12.2) 53(13.6) 42(8.6)   41(9.5) 66(14.3) 44(10.3)  
Family history Yes 771(58.4) 243(53.2) 222(57.1) 306(64.6) 0.002 224(52.1) 261(56.6) 286(66.7) < 0.001
Hypertension Yes 552(41.8) 195(42.7) 169(43.4) 188(39.7) 0.48 173(40.2) 194(42.1) 185(43.1) 0.69
Diabetes Yes 84(6.4) 26(5.7) 25(6.4) 33(7.0) 0.73 24(5.6) 36(7.8) 24(5.6) 0.29
  1. Variables are presented as frequency (percentage) (%)
  2. aAfter standardization using the 2010 National Census Data, the standardized prevalence rates of abdominal obesity, overweight obesity, and high risk of obesity were 34.5, 56.8, and 58.6%, respectively