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Table 1 Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Respondents (N = 14,779)

From: Spatial analysis of factors associated with HIV infection in Malawi: indicators for effective prevention

Variables n (%),
HIV/AIDS Status
 Negative 1344 7 (91.0)
 Positive 1332 (9.0)
Gender
 Male 7042 (47.6)
 Female 7737 (52.4)
Age
 15–19 3406 (23.0)
 20–24 2982 (20.2)
 25–29 2207 (14.9)
 30–34 2007 (13.6)
 35–39 1720 (11.6)
 40–44 1221 (8.3)
 45–49 914 (6.2)
 50+ 322 (2.2)
Education
 No education 1341 (9.1)
 Primary 8866 (60.0)
 Secondary 4010 (27.1)
 Post-Secondary 562 (3.8)
Marital status
 Never Married 4359 (29.5)
 Currently Married 9176 (62.1)
 Ever Marrieda 1244 (8.4)
Religion
 Catholic 2792 (18.9)
 Church of Central Africa Presbyterian. 2589 (17.5)
 Other Protestant Christians 7364 (49.8)
 Islam 1767 (12.0)
 No religion/others 266 (1.8)
Age at first sex
 Never had sex/never had a partner 1848 (12.5)
 < 16 4609 (31.2)
 16–17 3118 (21.1)
 18–19 3008 (20.4)
 20+ 2196 (14.9)
Total number of lifetime sexual partners
0 1848 (12.5)
 1 4285 (29.0)
 2 3423 (23.2)
 3–4 3148 (21.3)
 5–9 1427 (9.7)
 10+ 597 (4.0)
 Undisclosed 51 (.3)
Use of condom/use condom for most recent sex
 No 9137 (61.8)
 Yes 2155 (14.6)
 Not had recent sex 3487 (23.6)
Extra marital/partner sexual partners
 None 12,128 (82.1)
 1 2325 (15.7)
 2+ 325 (2.2)
 Undisclosed 1 (0.0)
Had any STI last 12 months
 No 14,393 (97.4)
 Yes 340 (2.3)
Missing 45 (.3)
Household wealth index
 Poor 5407 (36.6)
 Rich 5799 (39.2)
 Richest 3574 (24.2)
Rural/urban Residence
 Urban 2716 (18.4)
 Rural 12,063 (81.6)
Region
 Northern 1809 (12.2)
 Central 6368 (43.1)
 Southern 6601 (44.7)
  1. aEver Married: included those who were divorced, separated and widowed