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Table 4 Associations between mediators and patient adherence (socio-demographic characteristics were controlled)

From: An examination of the socio-demographic correlates of patient adherence to self-management behaviors and the mediating roles of health attitudes and self-efficacy among patients with coexisting type 2 diabetes and hypertension

Variables Adherence to medication therapy Adherence to diet therapy
OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Health attitudes
 Less positive 1   1  
 More positive 0.65 (0.34, 1.24) 0.19 0.88 (0.48, 1.62) 0.69
Self-efficacy
 Lower 1   1  
 Higher 2.76 (1.45, 5.26) 0.002* 3.57 (1.91, 6.65) < 0.001*
Variables Adherence to regular exercise Adherence to tobacco and alcohol avoidance
  OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Health attitudes
 Less positive 1   1  
 More positive 0.92 (0.49, 1.73) 0.79 1.20 (0.55, 2.59) 0.65
Self-efficacy
  Lower 1   1  
 Higher 2.30 (1.22, 4.32) 0.01* 0.95 (0.44, 2.04) 0.89
Variables Adherence to stress reduction Adherence to self-monitoring/self-care
  OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Health attitudes
 Less positive 1   1  
 More positive 1.11 (0.58, 2.10) 0.75 0.86 (0.47, 1.59) 0.64
Self-efficacy
 Lower 1   1  
 Higher 1.36 (0.73, 2.53) 0.34 1.28 (0.70, 2.35) 0.42
  1. *indicates a significant association