Skip to main content

Table 3 Associations of socio-demographic characteristics with health attitudes and self-efficacy

From: An examination of the socio-demographic correlates of patient adherence to self-management behaviors and the mediating roles of health attitudes and self-efficacy among patients with coexisting type 2 diabetes and hypertension

Socio-demographic characteristics Health attitudes Self-efficacy
OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Sex
 Male 1   1  
 Female 0.97 (0.46, 2.03) 0.93 1.18 (0.57, 2.46) 0.66
Age (years)
  < 64 1   1  
  ≥ 64 2.06 (0.97, 4.37) 0.06 2.61 (1.25, 5.45) 0.01*
Education level
 Lower 1   1  
 Higher 1.62 (0.76, 3.48) 0.21 2.14 (1, 4.56) 0.05*
Living status
 Living alone 1   1  
 Living with family/others 0.59 (0.18, 1.89) 0.37 1.02 (0.32, 3.19) 0.98
Perceived health status
 Poor 1   1  
 Good 2.70 (1.32, 5.52) 0.01* 1.85 (0.91, 3.75) 0.09
Diabetes duration (years)
  ≤ 15 1   1  
  > 15 2.04 (0.95, 4.37) 0.07 1.36 (0.65, 2.85) 0.42
Hypertension duration (years)
  ≤ 10 1   1  
  > 10 0.55 (0.25, 1.21) 0.14 1.14 (0.54, 2.43) 0.73
  1. *indicates a significant association