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Table 1 Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Study Participants at Baseline, Comparison of the Intervention Group (IG) and Control Group (CG), Southern Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 771)

From: Scaled-up nutrition education on pulse-cereal complementary food practice in Ethiopia: a cluster-randomized trial

Socio-demographic characteristics IG n (%) CG n (%) P
Age of the mother (years)
  < 24 146 (37.8) 175 (45.5) 0.59
 25–34 227 (58.8) 207 (53.8)
  > 35 13 (3.4) 3 (0.8)
Marital status
 Married 365 (94.6) 379 (98.4) 0.004
 Divorced 14 (3.6) 4 (1.0)
 Widowed 7 (1.8) 2 (0.5)
Educational status
 Illiterate 150 (38.9) 147 (38.2) 0.58
 Read and write 236 (61.2) 238 (61.8)
In charge of food purchase
 Yes 150 (38.9) 158 (59.0) 0.54
 No 236 (61.1) 158 (41.0)
Source of income generating activities by woman
 Yes (petty trade, day labor) 62 (16.1) 49 (12.7) 0.19
 No 324 (83.9) 336 (87.3)
Household size
 Low (1–4 family members) 97 (25.1) 124 (32.2)  
 Medium (5–10 family members) 222 (57.5) 190 (49.4) 0.45
 Large (> 10 family members) 67 (17.4) 71 (18.4)
Age of the children (months)
 6–8 172 (44.6) 197 (51.2) 0.19
 9–11 123 (31.9) 110 (28.6)
 12–15 91 (23.6) 78 (20.3)
Sex of children
 Male 211 (54.7) 201 (52.2) 0.50
 Female 175 (45.3) 184 (47.8)
Wealth Index
 Poor 255 (66.1) 229 (59.5) 0.55
 Better 131 (33.9) 156 (40.5)
Household hunger
 No household hunger 77 (19.9) 140 (36.4) 0.10
 Mild household hunger 46 (11.9) 27 (7.0)
 Moderate household hunger 125 (32.4) 84 (21.8)
 Severe household hunger 138 (35.8) 134 (34.8)
  1. P is significant at < 0.05