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Table 1 Anaemia prevalence and mean haemoglobin level in women of reproductive age by pregnancy status, place of residence, and type of place of residence, Sudan, 2016

From: Prevalence and determinants of anaemia in women of reproductive age in Sudan: analysis of a cross-sectional household survey

Anaemia prevalence and mean haemoglobin level
Variables Pregnant women Non-pregnant women Women in reproductive age (pregnant and non-pregnant women combined)
Anaemia prevalence Severe anaemia prevalence Total number Anaemia prevalence Severe anaemia prevalence Total number Anaemia prevalence Severe anaemia prevalence Total number
Average Haemoglobin level (g/L (SD)) Average Haemoglobin level (g/L (SD))
SUDAN n 152 5 421 1367 45 3850 1519 50 4271
% 36.1 1.2 113.9 (16.3) 35.5 1.2 123.2 (15.7) 35.6 1.2
Place of residence (State)
Northern n 5 0 17 97 1 220 102 1 237
% 29.4 0.0 113.7 (12.2) 44.1 0.5 119.3 (14.2) 43.0 0.4
River Nile n 5 0 22 79 0 286 84 0 308
% 22.7 0.0 119.5 (12.2) 27.6 0.0 125.8 (13.3) 27.3 0.0
Red Sea n 4 0 18 71 1 187 75 1 205
% 22.2 0.0 112.4 (8.3) 38.0 0.5 121.4 (13.8) 36.6 0.5
Kassala n 24 1 44 136 8 279 160 9 323
% 54.5 2.3 110.1 (17.1) 48.7 2.9 117.7 (17.0) 49.5 2.8
Gedarif n 6 0 28 67 5 291 73 5 319
% 21.4 0.0 120.8 (25.6) 23.0 1.7 127.7 (15.3) 22.9 1.6
Khartoum n 18 0 31 127 5 304 145 5 335
% 58.1 0.0 108.9 (16.0) 41.8 1.6 120.4 (16.2) 43.3 1.5
Gezira n 7 0 26 103 2 295 110 2 321
% 26.9 0.0 117.5 (12.5) 34.9 0.7 123.6 (13.0) 34.3 6
White Nile n 9 0 20 82 5 232 91 5 252
% 45.0 0.0 113.1 (13.7) 35.3 2.2 123.0 (15.9) 36.1 2.0
Sinnar n 6 0 17 96 2 255 102 2 272
% 35.3 0.0 110.0 (13.3) 37.6 0.8 122.3 (14.8) 37.5 0.7
Blue Nile n 17 0 45 56 0 207 73 0 252
% 37.8 0.0 114.2 (18.3) 27.1 0.0 124.3 (12.8) 29.0 0.0
North Kordofan n 6 0 19 74 1 230 80 1 249
% 31.6 0.0 113.3 (16.8) 32.2 0.4 124.0 (14.5) 32.1 0.4
South Kordofan n 8 0 15 38 0 142 46 0 157
% 53.3 0.0 113.1 (18.1) 26.8 0.0 127.7 (14.4) 29.3 0.0
West Kordofan n 4 0 9 30 1 95 34 1 104
% 44.4 0.0 112.1 (14.6) 31.6 1.1 125.7 (18.5) 32.7 1.0
North Darfur n 5 1 27 74 0 213 79 1 240
% 18.5 3.7 117.7 (17.3) 34.7 0.0 125.6 (15.7) 32.9 0.4
West Darfur n 7 0 23 39 2 149 46 2 172
% 30.4 0.0 118.0 (15.6) 26.2 1.3 127.1 (15.7) 26.7 1.2
South Darfur n 10 2 24 87 4 224 97 6 248
% 41.7 8.3 109.8 (23.2) 38.8 1.8 124.5 (18.4) 39.1 2.4
Central Darfur n 8 1 21 84 5 163 92 6 184
% 38.1 4.8 111.8 (21.2) 51.5 3.1 118.0 (16.8) 50.0 3.3
East Darfur n 3 0 15 27 3 78 30 3 93
% 20.0 0.0 122.2 (15.0) 34.6 3.8 124.1 (23.8) 32.3 3.2
p. value   0.033* 0.371 0.199 < 0.001* 0.007* < 0.001* < 0.001* 0.003*
Type of place of residence (area classification)
IDPs/Refugees Camps n 10 2 24 95 6 208 105 8 232
% 41.7 8.3 109.2 (23.1) 45.7 2.9 121.0 (18.3) 45.3 3.4
Urban n 31 1 105 461 18 1280 492 19 1385
% 29.5 1.0 118.0 (19.8) 36.0 1.4 123.2 (16.3) 35.5 1.4
Rural n 111 2 292 811 21 2362 922 23 2654
% 38.0 0.7 113.2 (15.5) 34.3 0.9 123.5 (15.2) 34.7 0.9
p. value   0.252 0.004* 0.018* 0.004* 0.023* 0.082 0.006* 0.001*
  1. p. value was calculated based on x2 test for categorical data (anaemia prevalence) and with t-test for continuous data (average haemoglobin level)
  2. p. values with statistical significance (p < 0.05) is denoted with *