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Table 1 Weighted characteristics and distribution of anthropometric measures in study sample (n = 600)

From: Risk factors associated with age at diagnosis of diabetes among noninstitutionalized US population: the 2015–2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Continuous variables Mean (Standard errors)    
  Male Female Difference between male and female p-value
Age when first told you had diabetes (years) mean(se) 48.8 (0.9) 47.8 (1.0) 1.0 0.47
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)** mean(se) 31.5 (0.5) 33.8 (0.4) −2.3 0.00
Upper leg length (cm)** mean(se) 40.3 (0.3) 35.1 (0.4) 5.3 0.00
Waist Circumference (cm) mean(se) 110.9 (1.3) 111.4 (0.8) −0.4 0.76
Average Sagittal Abdominal Diameter (cm) mean (se) 25.7 (0.4) 26.0 (0.3) −0.2 0.55
Glucose, refrigerated serum (mg/dL)* mean(se) 153.7 (4.9) 139.8 (4.4) 13.9 0.05
Total number of people in the Household 2.7    
Categorical variables Categories (indicator) n Proportion
Country of birth
  Born in the US 405 0.84
Born outside of the US 195 0.16
Annual household income
  $ 0 to $ 19,999 148 0.15
$ 20,000 or more 452 0.85
Gender
  Male 336 0.57
Female 264 0.43
Marital status
  Married 353 0.57
Widowed 58 0.09
Divorced 73 0.11
Separated 20 0.03
Never married 57 0.12
Living with partner 39 0.08
Race/Hispanic origin
  Mexican American 137 0.11
Other Hispanic 90 0.06
Non-Hispanic White 165 0.60
Non-Hispanic Black 141 0.14
Other Race - Including Multi-Racial 67 0.09
Education
  Less than 9th grade 97 0.08
9-11th grade and 12th grade no diploma 78 0.11
High school graduate/GED or equivalent 137 0.21
Some college or AA degree 171 0.35
College graduate or above 117 0.25
  1. **p < 0.05
  2. *p < 0.01