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Table 1 Sociodemographic patterning of youth vaping and smoking

From: Youth vaping and smoking and parental vaping: a panel survey

  Observed
N (%)
Missing
N (%)
Imputed
N (%)
Current Vaping Ever Smoker Current Smoker Smoking Initiation
(N = 3075a)
  Yes % P-Value Yes % P-Value Yes % P-Value Yes % P-Value
All 3291 (100.0) 0 (0.0) 3291 (100.0) 3.4 7.4 2.3 0.9
No Vaping 3069 (96.5) 112 (3.4) 3179 (96.6)    5.5 < 0.001 1.2 < 0.001 0.5 < 0.001
Current Vaping 110 (3.5)   112 (3.4)    63.3   31.9   24.1  
Never Smoker 3022 (92.6) 27 (0.8) 3047 (92.6) 1.4 < 0.001       
Ever Smoker 242 (7.4)   244 (7.4) 29.0        
Non Smoker 3190 (97.7) 27 (0.8) 3216 (97.7) 2.4 < 0.001       
Current Smoker 74 (2.3)   75 (2.3) 47.5        
Never Smokera 3022 (99.1) 27 (0.8) 3046 (99.1) 1.4 < 0.001       
Initiating Smokera 28 (0.9)   29 (0.9) 45.8        
Male 1629 (49.5) 0 (0.0) 1629 (49.5) 4.2 0.019 7.5 0.859 2.4 0.626 1.2 0.207
Female 1662 (50.5)   1662 (50.5) 2.7   7.3   2.2   0.7  
Age 10 520 (15.8) 0 (0.0) 520 (15.8) 0.8 < 0.001 0.0 < 0.001 0.0 < 0.001 0.0 < 0.001
Age 11 596 (18.1)   596 (18.1) 0.0   1.8   0.2   0.2  
Age 12 561 (17.0)   561 (17.0) 0.7   1.8   0.2   0.2  
Age 13 493 (15.0)   493 (15.0) 2.7   5.7   0.8   0.7  
Age 14 588 (17.9)   588 (17.9) 6.9   14.6   4.7   3.1  
Age 15 533 (16.2)   533 (16.2) 9.2   20.6   7.7   1.7  
England 2830 (86.0) 1 (0.0) 2831 (86.0) 3.4 0.618 7.4 0.892 2.1 0.311 0.8 0.080
Wales 111 (3.4)   111 (3.4) 2.7   6.4   1.8   1.0  
Scotland 263 (8.0)   263 (8.0) 3.0   7.6   3.8   2.4  
Northern Ireland 86 (2.6)   86 (2.6) 5.8   9.3   3.5   0.2  
White UK 2269 (84.7) 612 (18.6) 2764 (84.0) 3.6 0.196 7.9 0.018 2.4 0.168 1.0 0.217
Ethnic Minority 410 (15.3)   527 (16.0) 2.4   4.7   1.4   0.4  
Couple Parents 2437 (75.1) 45 (1.4) 2472 (75.1) 2.6 < 0.001 5.8 < 0.001 1.6 < 0.001 0.7 0.011
Single Parent 809 (24.9)   819 (24.9) 5.9   12.2   4.3   1.8  
Parents Never Smokers 1154 (35.6) 53 (1.6) 1174 (35.7) 3.0 0.118 5.7 0.010 1.3 0.002 0.9 0.896
Ex-Smoking Parent(s) 1282 (39.6)   1300 (39.5) 3.0   7.9   2.2   1.0  
Current Smoking Parent(s) 802 (24.8)   817 (24.8) 4.6   9.2   3.8   1.0  
No Parental Vaping 2857 (88.2) 53 (1.6) 2903 (88.2) 3.1 0.014 6.8 < 0.001 2.0 0.019 0.8 0.004
Parental Vaping 381 (11.8)   388 (11.8) 5.6   12.3   4.0   2.4  
Parental Education -Degree 1697 (53.0) 87 (2.7) 1741 (52.9) 3.0 0.386 6.3 0.017 1.4 < 0.001 0.6 0.137
A-Level or equivalent 658 (20.5)   674 (20.5) 3.5   7.3   2.3   1.3  
GSCE or equivalent 759 (23.7)   783 (23.8) 4.3   9.3   3.9   1.4  
No Qualifications 90 (2.8)   93 (2.8) 3.3   12.7   4.5   0.2  
Managerial/Professional 1282 (41.1) 173 (5.3) 1345 (40.9) 1.8 < 0.001 6.2 0.118 1.4 0.006 0.5 0.117
Intermediate 461 (14.8)   490 (14.9) 4.4   7.3   2.5   1.0  
Routine 510 (16.4)   536 (16.3) 5.7   8.2   2.0   1.7  
Not employed 865 (27.7)   920 (28.0) 3.8   8.8   3.7   1.1  
Highest Income Quartile 463 (14.3) 48 (1.5) 472 (14.3) 1.9 < 0.001 5.9 < 0.001 1.4 < 0.001 0.9 0.005
2nd Quartile 836 (25.8)   851 (25.9) 2.1   6.8   2.0   0.3  
3rd Quartile 1079 (33.3)   1094 (33.2) 3.5   6.0   1.4   0.7  
Lowest Income Quartile 865 (26.7)   874 (26.6) 5.5   10.7   4.2   1.9  
  1. aAdolescents who had reported smoking in previous waves of the survey were excluded here (n = 216), so percentages indicate the proportion of those who had never smoked before who were current smokers in this wave of the survey