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Table 2 Levels, models, and variables related to momentary positive and negative affect

From: Evaluating real-time momentary stress and affect in police officers using a smartphone application

Level Model Variable
1. Within-person 1. Stress factors work overload, social overload, pressure to perform, work discontent, excessive demands at work, lack of social recognition, social tension, and social isolation
2. Context + with whom, location-related, and task-related factors
3. Trait variables + age, sex, rank, work duration, occupational stress, and baseline affect
2. Between-person 1. Stress factors work overload, social overload, pressure to perform, work discontent, excessive demands at work, lack of social recognition, social tension, and social isolation
2. Context + with whom, location-related, and task-related factors
3. Trait variables + age, sex, rank, work duration, occupational stress, and baseline affect
  1. PA Positive affect; NA Negative affect