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Table 6 Key variables used to explore hypothesised causal pathways

From: Housing as a social determinant of health and wellbeing: developing an empirically-informed realist theoretical framework

Hypothesis Variable Type of data
Independent variables
1 Overall satisfaction with housing organisation 5-point Likert-style scale
1 Comparison of current and previous experience of renting 5-point rating from ‘A lot better’ to ‘A lot worse’
2 Rating of property quality 5-point rating from ‘Very good’ to ‘Very poor’
2 Satisfaction with maintenance service 5-point Likert-style scale
3 Rating of ability to cope financially over the last few months 5-point rating from ‘All of the time’ to ‘Never’
3 Rating of ability to cope with paying rent over the last few months 5-point rating from ‘All of the time’ to ‘Never’
4 Rating of neighbourhood quality 4-point rating from ‘Very good’ to ‘Very poor’
4 Index created from four social support questionsa Index (5-point Likert-style scale for each question)
Dependent variables
All hypotheses World Health Organization 5-point Wellbeing Scale (WHO5) – score created from five statements of wellbeing over the preceding two weeks 6-point rating from ‘All of the time’ to ‘At no time’
All hypotheses Self-rated change in health and wellbeing since moving into new property (self-rated H&WB change) 5-point rating from ‘A lot better’ to ‘A lot worse’
  1. a These questions were included to create an index, drawing on their use in other social surveys, such as the Scottish Household Survey. Cronbach’s alpha is > 0.75 at all three Waves