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Table 2 Odds of excess adiposity in children who met different numbers and specific combinations of recommendations within the 24-hour movement guidelines (n = 355)

From: Is adherence to the 24-hour movement guidelines associated with a reduced risk of adiposity among children and adolescents?

  Adherence BMI z-score > 1 SD >85th percentile of FM% >85th percentile of VAT
% OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Number of recommendations
 None 33.0 Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
 One 37.7 1.44 (0.79–2.61) 0.234 1.05 (0.53–2.10) 0.891 1.05 (0.52–2.11) 0.898
 Two 22.8 1.05 (0.51–2.15) 0.901 0.52 (0.20–1.33) 0.171 0.46 (0.17–1.23) 0.121
 Three 6.5 0.33 (0.07–1.54) 0.158 0.25 (0.31–1.93) 0.187 0.26 (0.03–2.05) 0.199
Combinations of recommendations
 Did not meet any recommendation 33.0 Ref.    Ref.    Ref.   
 PA only 18.3 1.66 (0.81–3.39) 0.165 0.94 (0.40–2.24) 0.889 1.09 (0.46–2.57) 0.849
 ST only 11.0 1.06 (0.43–2.62) 0.907 1.08 (0.40–2.90) 0.887 0.69 (0.23–2.12) 0.519
 SL only 8.4 1.52 (0.59–3.94) 0.387 1.29 (0.43–3.90) 0.647 1.54 (0.53–4.46) 0.425
 PA + ST 8.2 0.84 (0.28–2.54) 0.761 0.42 (0.09–1.95) 0.267 0.42 (0.09–1.99) 0.275
 PA + SL 9.3 1.16 (0.45–3.00) 0.755 0.73 (0.22–2.38) 0.600 0.54 (0.15–2.05) 0.368
 ST + SL 5.3 1.13 (0.34–3.78) 0.837 0.32 (0.04–2.58) 0.285 0.34 (0.04–2.75) 0.312
 PA + ST + SL 6.5 0.34 (0.07–1.56) 0.163 0.25 (0.03–1.97) 0.187 0.26 (0.03–2.07) 0.202
  1. BMI – body mass index, CI – confidence interval, FM% – fat mass percentage, OR – odds ratio, PA – physical activity, Ref – reference group, SD – standard deviation, ST – screen time, SL – sleep, VAT – visceral adiposity tissue
  2. The model was adjusted for sex, age, birth weight, maternal obesity, and unhealthy diet
  3. Children with ≥60 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, < 2 h/day of recreational ST, and uninterrupted sleep for 9–11 h/day were considered to meet the overall 24-hour movement guidelines