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Table 7 List of variables

From: Progress towards reducing sociodemographic disparities in breastfeeding outcomes in Indonesia: a trend analysis from 2002 to 2017

Variable Type Measurement Source of measurementa
Dependent variable
Early initiation of breastfeeding (Child aged 0–23 months) Binary 0. No
1. Yes
Women’s questionnaire:
q441: How long after birth did you first put (NAME) to the breast?
Exclusive breastfeeding (Child aged 0–5 months) Binary 0. No
1. Yes
Women’s questionnaire:
q445: Are you still breastfeeding (NAME)?
q492: Now I would like to ask you about liquids (NAME) drank over the last seven days, including yesterday. In total, how many times yesterday during the day or at night did (NAME FROM Q. 491) drink (ITEM)?
ITEM LIST: plain water, commercially produced infant formula, any other milk such as condensed sweetened milk, powdered, or fresh animal milk, fruit juice, any other liquids such as sugar water, tea, coffee, carbonated drinks, or soup broth
q493. Now I would like to ask you about the types of foods (NAME) ate over the last seven days, including yesterday. In total, how many times yesterday during the day or at night did (NAME FROM Q. 491) drink (ITEM)?
ITEM LIST: any food made from grains, e.g., maize, rice, sago or other local grains, pumpkin, sweet potatoes or yams or carrots, any other foods made from roots or tubers, e.g., potatoes, white sweet potatoes, cassava, or other local roots/tubers, any green leafy vegetables, such as spinach, cassava leaves, mango, papaya, durian, jackfruit or other yellow and red fruits, any other fruits and vegetables, e.g., bananas, apples, green beans, peas, avocados, tomatoes, meat, poultry, fish, shellfish, or eggs, any food made from legumes, e.g., tofu, tempeh, lentils, beans, soybeans, pulses, or peanuts, cheese or yoghurt, any food made of oil, fat or butter
Cont. breastfeeding at 1 year (child aged 12–15 months) Binary 0. No
1. Yes
Women’s questionnaire:
q445: Are you still breastfeeding (NAME)?
Independent variable
Region Categorical nominal 1. Sumatra
2. Java & Bali
3. Kalimantan
4. Sulawesi
5. Eastern Indonesia
Women’s questionnaire:
q1: Province
Type of residence Categorical nominal 0. Rural
1. Urban
Women’s questionnaire:
q5: Urban/rural
Maternal education Categorical ordinal 1. No education/incomplete primary
2. Primary/ incomplete secondary
3. Secondary+
Women’s questionnaire:
q108: What is the highest level of school you attended: primary, junior high, senior high, academy or university?
Maternal occupation Categorical nominal 0. Unemployed
1. Employee: professional
2. Employee: others
3. Self-employed/work for family
q710: What is your (most recent) occupation, that is, what kind of work (do/did) you mainly do?
q713: Do you do this work for a member of your family, for someone else, or are you self-employed?
Wealth Categorical ordinal 1. Poorest
2. Poorer
3. Middle
4. Richer
5. Richest
https://www.dhsprogram.com/topics/wealth-index/Wealth-Index-Construction.cfm
Place of delivery Categorical nominal 0. Non-health facility
1. Government health facility
2. Private health facility
q427: Where did you give birth to (name)?
Birth assistance Categorical nominal 0. Non-skilled birth attendant
1. Skilled birth attendant
q426: Who assisted with delivery of (name)?
  1. aVariable names are derived from IDHS 2002/2003. In the IDHS, 2007, 2012 and 2017, the variable names differ, however the content (i.e. what the variable actually represents) remains the same