Skip to main content

Table 5 Age-standardised proportion of women who had CB-1, by select characteristics

From: Progress towards reducing sociodemographic disparities in breastfeeding outcomes in Indonesia: a trend analysis from 2002 to 2017

Variable 2002/2003 2007 2012 2017 Diff. between 2002/2003–2017 95% CI pORa 95% CI
Overall 83.33 82.62 78.9 77.65 −5.69 −13.24-1.86 0.93 0.84–1.04
(A) Wealth index
 Poorest 84.65 83.78 87.11 89.71 5.05 −2.92-13.02 0.98 0.80–1.20
 Poorer 91.03 87.14 79.09 86.25 −4.78 −13.91-4.36 0.69 0.54–0.90
 Middle 88.71 86.27 79.65 71.93 −16.78 −30.52--3.04 0.93 0.75–1.15
 Richer 76.44 69.51 77.73 64.42 −12.01 −26.70-2.67 1.02 0.84–1.23
 Richest 77.63 78.56 74.82 72.06 −5.57 −16.30-5.16 0.93 0.75–1.16
(B) Education status
 No education/incomplete primary 91.58 82.92 85.65 88.2 −3.38 −10.22-3.46 0.80 0.60–1.08
 Primary/incomplete secondary 89.81 86.85 81.85 82.37 −7.44 −14.22--0.65 0.90 0.77–1.05
 Secondary+ 63.69 77.45 74.12 71.37 7.68 −2.06-17.42 0.97 0.83–1.13
(C) Occupation status
 Unemployed 86.36 87.83 82.18 80.39 −5.97 −14.72-2.79 0.90 0.77–1.06
 Employee: professional, managerial, clerical 76.19 70.84 50.1 46.54 −29.65 −45.46--13.84 0.87 0.68–1.11
 Employee: others 71.48 64.41 68.69 70.63 −0.85 −17.37-15.66 1.03 0.78–1.37
 Self-employed/work for family 84.94 82.49 83.75 76.17 −8.77 −20.94-3.40 1.03 0.84–1.28
(D) Type of residence
 Rural 88.37 86.11 84.61 82.96 −5.41 −11.83-1.00 0.84 0.72–0.98
 Urban 76.92 78.78 73.18 68.14 −8.78 −21.57-4.00 1.00 0.87–1.16
(E) Region
 Sumatra 87.01 79.75 83.44 80.77 −6.24 −13.97-1.48 0.95 0.81–1.10
 Java & Bali 81.6 84.91 79.59 77.36 −4.25 −16.03-7.53 0.99 0.83–1.18
 Kalimantan 80.11 82.81 76.91 67.96 −12.15 −29.44-5.15 0.76 0.60–0.97
 Sulawesi 89.64 78.31 74.29 76.6 −13.04 −22.03--4.06 0.80 0.65–0.98
 Eastern Indonesia 83.18 75.79 82.2 79.51 −3.67 −14.69-7.35 0.84 0.67–1.06
(F) Place of Delivery
 Non-health facility 90.42 86.09 85.71 83.08 −7.34 −13.81--0.87 0.81 0.68–0.96
 Government health facility 80.34 83.36 73.42 79.2 −1.14 −14.14-11.86 0.81 0.65–1.01
 Private Facility 70.55 78.8 77.26 74.63 4.08 −9.79-17.95 1.07 0.92–1.26
(G) Birth attendant
 None/unskilled birth attendant 90.44 85.28 85.17 81.33 −9.11 −18.31-0.09 0.81 0.66–1.00
 Skilled birth attendant 77.81 80.91 76.42 77.17 −0.64 −10.78-9.49 0.97 0.86–1.09
  1. All estimates are age-standardised to the 2000 Indonesia standard population; apORs: time trends of breastfeeding outcomes in each five years between 2002 to 2017, adjusted by maternal characteristics and birth history