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Table 3 Age-standardized proportion of women who had EB at the time of interview, by select characteristics

From: Progress towards reducing sociodemographic disparities in breastfeeding outcomes in Indonesia: a trend analysis from 2002 to 2017

Variable 2002/2003 2007 2012 2017 Diff. between 2002/2003
−2017
95% CI pORa 95% CI
Overall 39.38 31.07 41.34 51.11 11.73 4.14–19.32 1.21 1.12–1.31
(A) Wealth index
 Poorest 42.10 39.53 43.95 58.27 16.18 4.97–27.39 1.27 1.1–1.47
 Poorer 43.59 33.76 41.44 58.71 15.12 2.99–27.24 1.15 0.98–1.36
 Middle 50.35 34.52 48.15 39.65 −10.7 −23.36-1.95 1.06 0.89–1.25
 Richer 37.54 29.47 29.30 43.91 6.37 −10.58-23.32 1.09 0.9–1.33
 Richest 20.32 18.44 40.89 52.95 32.62 19.1–46.15 1.72 1.42–2.09
(B) Education status
 No education/incomplete primary 37.80 31.9 37.52 58.13 20.33 4.85–35.81 1.17 0.94–1.44
 Primary/incomplete secondary 43.57 36.04 41.96 51.74 8.17 −2.69-19.03 1.12 1–1.25
 Secondary+ 30.34 31.22 42.3 50.77 20.43 8.32–32.54 1.39 1.24–1.57
(C) Occupation status
 Unemployed 42.52 33.91 44.11 53.59 11.07 0.97–21.17 1.15 1.04–1.27
 Employee: professional, managerial, clerical 19.75 15.55 28.74 43.31 23.56 10.85–36.27 1.64 1.34–2.01
 Employee: others 49.71 27.03 37.41 41.15 −8.56 −23.68-6.56 1.37 1.04–1.80
 Self-employed/work for family 29.67 35.41 41.25 51.85 22.18 9.64–34.73 1.3 1.10–1.53
(D) Type of residence
 Rural 40.07 33.18 42.92 56.34 16.27 7.55–24.98 1.22 1.10–1.34
 Urban 38.32 30.59 40.75 45.79 7.46 −5.06-19.99 1.22 1.08–1.37
(E) Region
 Sumatra 39.24 33.28 34.83 51.17 11.92 0.62–23.23 1.21 1.07–1.36
 Java & Bali 36.70 25.25 44.87 51.81 15.11 3.42–26.8 1.26 1.11–1.44
 Kalimantan 29.37 30.03 22.22 30.78 1.41 −9.42-12.24 1.02 0.84–1.24
 Sulawesi 59.22 55.66 50.86 56.49 −2.73 −15.44-9.97 1.07 0.92–1.26
 Eastern Indonesia 44.7 45.59 48.96 59.08 14.39 2.94–25.83 1.22 1.01–1.46
(F) Place of Delivery
 Non-health facility 42.87 33.37 39.99 55.77 12.9 0.52–25.27 1.09 0.96–1.24
 Government health facility 32.36 41.05 39.16 48.35 15.99 −1.33-33.32 1.22 1.01–1.48
 Private Facility 34.80 25.87 43.41 50.89 16.08 5.88–26.29 1.31 1.16–1.47
(G) Birth attendant
 None/unskilled birth attendant 42.63 32.05 44.45 55.21 12.58 −0.89-26.06 1.10 0.94–1.28
 Skilled birth attendant 34.74 30.57 40.82 50.88 16.14 8.7–23.59 1.24 1.13–1.36
  1. All estimates are age-standardised to the 2000 Indonesia standard population; apORs: time trends of breastfeeding outcomes in each five years between 2002 to 2017, adjusted by maternal characteristics and birth history