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Table 1 Age-standardised proportion of women who had EIB, by select characteristics

From: Progress towards reducing sociodemographic disparities in breastfeeding outcomes in Indonesia: a trend analysis from 2002 to 2017

Variable 2002/2003 2007 2012 2017 Diff. between 2002/2003−2017 95% CI pORa 95% CI
Overall 35.90 39.41 50.55 57.29 21.39 17.45–25.32 1.43 1.37–1.49
(A) Wealth index
 Poorest 45.90 44.54 54.54 58.59 12.69 6.45–18.92 1.29 1.20–1.39
 Poorer 31.68 40.67 50.97 58.22 26.54 20.10–32.99 1.53 1.41–1.67
 Middle 34.90 32.13 46.45 55.34 20.44 12.50–28.38 1.41 1.29–1.55
 Richer 35.76 42.49 49.66 54.79 19.03 9.91–28.16 1.37 1.25–1.50
 Richest 28.47 39.94 48.45 60.61 32.15 23.81–40.48 1.56 1.43–1.71
(B) Education status   
 No education/incomplete primary 40.47 47.49 58.07 54.98 14.52 4.09–24.95 1.42 1.25–1.61
 Primary/incomplete secondary 36.65 40.04 52.15 59.59 22.94 17.99–27.88 1.39 1.32–1.48
 Secondary+ 36.39 30.55 45.35 54.5 18.11 9.37–26.85 1.48 1.39–1.57
(C) Occupation status
 Unemployed 35.57 38.83 51.79 56.86 21.28 16.21–26.36 1.41 1.33–1.49
 Employee: professional, managerial, clerical 23.16 30.25 43.80 61.79 38.63 29.49–47.77 1.56 1.37–1.77
 Employee: others 37.38 40.28 44.36 57.31 19.94 8.80–31.08 1.47 1.29–1.68
 Self-employee 38.83 43.5 51.55 58.73 19.90 12.58–27.22 1.43 1.32–1.55
(D) Type of residence   
 Rural 38.96 40.35 51.98 56.46 17.50 12.35–22.64 1.39 1.31–1.47
 Urban 32.34 38.29 48.69 58.13 25.79 19.89–31.69 1.47 1.38–1.57
(E) Region   
 Sumatra 29.50 30.26 33.24 45.38 15.88 9.23–22.53 1.32 1.23–1.43
 Java & Bali 36.83 42.03 55.59 61.87 25.04 19.30–30.78 1.49 1.39–1.60
 Kalimantan 45.25 39.84 45.49 61.31 16.06 7.16–24.96 1.30 1.19–1.44
 Sulawesi 30.51 41.2 51.43 46.10 15.59 7.34–23.83 1.34 1.21–1.48
 Eastern Indonesia 57.45 45.68 65.36 68.47 11.02 1.44–20.60 1.44 1.3–1.60
(F) Place of Delivery
 Non-health facility 37.98 40.77 51.73 58.85 20.86 15.11–26.61 1.34 1.25–1.44
 Government health facility 31.37 31.77 48.82 56.86 25.49 16.06–34.93 1.57 1.42–1.74
 Private Facility 33.50 40.81 49.75 56.65 23.15 17.37–28.94 1.45 1.36–1.54
(G) Birth attendant
 None/unskilled birth attendant 37.77 39.79 53.25 58.53 20.76 13.78–27.74 1.37 1.26–1.49
 Skilled birth attendant 34.45 39.19 49.83 57.18 22.73 17.85–27.61 1.45 1.38–1.52
  1. All estimates are age-standardised to the 2000 Indonesia standard population; apORs: time trends of breastfeeding outcomes in each five years between 2002 to 2017, adjusted by maternal characteristics and birth history