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Table 5 Social network and socio-demographic variables association with physical function and nutritional status at follow-up (N = 81)

From: Social networks and their influences on nutrient intake, nutritional status and physical function in community-dwelling ethnically diverse older adults: a mixed-methods longitudinal study

 SPPB at follow-upMNA-SF at follow-up
Sociodemographic variablesB (95%CI)SEStandardized Coefficients BetaP-valueB (95%CI)SEStandardized Coefficients
Beta
P-value
(Constant)5.84 (1.07, 10.6)2.39 0.026.49 (1.19, 11.80)2.66 0.01
Sex0.24 (−0.49, 0.98)0.370.030.52−0.50 (−1.25, 0.25)0.38−0.130.19
Age−0.07 (− 0.12, − 0.03)0.02−0.180.00−0.01 (− 0.06, 0.03)0.02−0.060.55
IMD0.17 (−0.01, 0.36)0.090.100.060.001 (−0.19, 0.18)0.090.000.99
Education−0.01 (− 0.36, 0.33)0.17− 0.010.930.14 (− 0.20, 0.49)0.170.090.42
Baseline SPPB/MNA-SF*0.79 (0.65, 0.93)0.070.740.000.47 (0.23, 0.71)0.120.420.00
Self-reported Health−0.31 (−0.79, 0.16)0.24−0.080.190.21 (−0.23, 0.65)0.220.100.35
Social networks
 Integrated0.88 (0.12, 1.64)0.380.130.020.97 (0.22, 1.72)0.380.260.01
 Non-integratedRef  Ref  
R20.778  0.221  
R2change0.015  0.066  
F for change5.396  6.727  
  1. SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery; MNA-SF Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form; *For the adjusted model of follow-up SPPB as outcome variable, the model was adjusted for baseline SPPB, For the adjusted model of follow-up MNA-SF outcome variable, the model was adjusted for baseline MNA-SF. Sex was coded as male = 1, female = 2; Education was coded no education, primary = 2, secondary = 3, college/university = 4; self-rated health was coded as excellent = 1, good = 2, fair = 3 and poor = 4. IMD Index of multiple deprivation. 1 is least deprived and 4 is most deprived. B Unstandardized regression coefficient; SE Standard error of the coefficient; CI Confidence interval