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Table 1 Frequency and percentage for wasted and non-wasted children under 5 years by household food insecurity and socio-demographic characteristics

From: Association between wasting and food insecurity among children under five years: findings from Nepal demographic health survey 2016

Characteristics Wasted (< − 2 SD) Non-wasted (≥ − 2 SD)
N % N %
Household food Insecurity (N = 2414,P = 0.496)
 Secure 88 8.9 900 91.1
 Mild 76 9.4 733 90.6
 Moderate 41 10.8 339 89.2
 Severe 27 11.3 211 88.7
Wealth quintiles (N = 2412,P = 0.296)
 Poorest 43 8.7 449 91.3
 Poorer 48 9.1 478 90.9
 Middle 58 10.6 491 89.4
 Richer 59 11.3 465 88.7
 Richest 23 7.2 298 92.8
Sex of child (N = 2414,P = 0.837)
 Male 119 9.5 1134 90.5
 Female 113 9.7 1048 90.3
Mother’s education (N = 2360, P = 0.014)
 No education 102 12.4 723 87.6
 Primary 42 8.9 429 91.1
 Secondary 64 8.6 684 91.4
 Higher 23 7.3 293 92.7
Place of residence (N = 2414,P = 0.408)
 Urban 117 9.2 1161 90.8
 Rural 115 10.1 1021 89.9
Province (N = 2414,P < 0.001)
 Province 1 46 11.8 344 88.2
 Province 2 95 14.3 570 85.7
 Province 3 15 4.2 339 95.8
 Province 4 11 5.9 176 94.1
 Province 5 34 7.5 418 92.5
 Province 6 11 7.1 144 92.9
 Province 7 20 9.5 191 90.5
  1. Children who slept in the household the night before the survey were selected for analysis. Data weighted according to DHS recommendations [17]. P value < 0.05 was considered statistical significant for chi square test between wasting and explanatory variables