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Table 1 Mains themes and categories

From: Developing a national road traffic safety education program in Iran

Mains themes Categories (n) Categories (n)
Target groups • Preschoolers to university students (153)
• Parents (149)
• Teachers (148)
• Cyclists (141)
• Motorcyclists (126)
• Drivers (124)
• Pedestrians (122)
• Youth (119)
• Elderly (118)
• Driving license applicants, instructors and managers of driving schools (118)
• Managers at different levels, car manufacturers and policymakers (117)
• Special groups (disabled, blind, etc.) (90)
Program content • Education of traffic rules (152)
• Traffic light principles (150)
• Visibility (149)
• Distraction (143)
• Illegal overtaking and speed (137)
• Effect of prescription and non-prescription drugs and alcohol on behavior of users (130)
• Places of safe passage (129)
• Benefits of safe passage (124)
• Types of safe passage (124)
• Mutual respect and lack of verbal and nonverbal aggression (123)
• Possible risks while passing (123)
• Observing longitudinal and transverse spacing (123)
• Fatigue and drowsiness (121)
• Increased positive behaviors (121)
• Technical educations (120)
• Clean transport (119)
• Demanding and acquaintance with citizenship rights (119)
• First aid and medical emergencies (119)
• Driving in certain weather conditions (117)
• Seat belt (117)
• Restraint (117)
• Safety helmet (117)
• Diseases and traffic behavior (117)
• Conditional driving (113)
• Right of priority (112)
• Social and religious laws (traffic ethics) (111)
• Sleep disorders (111)
Educational methods • Audio and visual media (155)
• Practical training (152)
• Courses (144)
• Modeling (138)
• Campaign (127)
• Simulators (122)
• Workshop (19)
• Seminar (17)
• Group discussion (16)
• Social networks (15)
• Material and spiritual fines (14)
• Summary reports (13)
Instructors • TV (163)
• School and university teachers (153)
• instructors of driver’s license
centers (147)
• Parents (128)
• Health worker (125)
• Police (120)
Resources • Manpower (29)
• Sufficient budget allocation and financial administrative support (27)
• Proper technology (19)
• Providing materials and physical space (18)
• National Traffic Document (17)
• Strong monitoring system (12)
• NGOs and charities (11)
Evaluation • Number of accident and deatches (17)
• Observation of traffic behavior before and after educational program (16)
• Number of hospitalizations (7)
• Air pollution (3)
• Satisfaction of program (1)