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Table 2 Changes in the age (and sex where relevant) standardised incidence rate of cancer in Western Australia according to cancer type and sex

From: Incorporating competing risk theory into evaluations of changes in cancer survival: making the most of cause of death and routinely linked sociodemographic data

SexType of CancerTime period of diagnosisChange over study period*Change over study period (1983–1987 to 2008–2011)
1983–19871988–19921993–19971998–20022003–20072008–2011
rate per 100,000rate per 100,000% of prev raterate per 100,000% of prev raterate per 100,000% of prev raterate per 100,000% of prev raterate per 100,000% of prev raterate per 100,000% of rate in first time periodp value#
FemalesMajor cancer types combined260.6273.44.9274.90.5274.2−0.3273.2−0.4272.2−0.411.64.50.001
Female breast cancer73.683.313.291.910.394.42.792.3−2.296.64.723.031.3< 0.001
Colorectal cancer41.841.0−1.939.4−3.939.1−0.837.9−3.137.3−1.6−4.5−10.80.001
Lung cancer20.122.09.522.00.023.98.625.87.927.04.76.934.3< 0.001
Pancreatic cancer6.26.20.06.89.77.37.47.75.57.5−2.61.321.00.015
Glioma grade IV2.02.420.02.2−8.32.20.02.0−9.12.15.00.15.00.84
MalesMajor cancer types combined282.5282.0−0.2322.814.5293.3−9.1313.36.8322.63.040.114.2< 0.001
Colorectal cancer44.843.8−2.246.35.746.81.143.5−7.146.16.01.32.90.534
Lung cancer59.251.2−13.545.4−11.342.1−7.338.5−8.635.1−8.8−24.1−40.7< 0.001
Prostate cancer49.059.421.2106.579.378.4−26.4110.440.8124.212.575.2153.5< 0.001
Pancreatic cancer7.16.2−12.77.114.56.7−5.67.613.47.93.90.811.30.15
Glioma grade IV2.32.926.12.90.03.313.83.0−9.12.5−16.70.28.70.59
PersonsMajor cancer types combined271.7277.72.2299.17.7283.8−5.1293.43.4297.61.425.99.5< 0.001
Female breast cancer73.683.313.291.910.394.42.792.3−2.296.64.723.031.3< 0.001
Colorectal cancer43.342.4− 2.142.91.243.00.240.7−5.341.72.5−1.6−3.70.073
Lung cancer39.836.7−7.833.8−7.933.1−2.132.2−2.731.1−3.4−8.7−21.9< 0.001
Prostate cancer49.059.421.2106.579.378.4−26.4110.440.8124.212.575.2153.5< 0.001
Pancreatic cancer6.66.2−6.16.911.37.01.47.68.67.71.31.116.70.007
Glioma grade IV2.22.722.72.6−3.72.87.72.5−10.72.3−8.00.14.50.617
  1. % of previous rate = difference in incidence rate of cancer as a percentage of the rate in the previous time period [((Rate in period 2 - Rate in period 1)/Rate in period 1)*100]
  2. *Change in rate over study period = Rate in 2008–2011 - Rate in 1983–1987 time period
  3. % change over study period = Difference in incidence rate in final time period as a percentage of the rate in the first time period
  4. #p value of difference in incidence rate over study period evaluated using Poisson regression adjusted for age and sex where relevant
  5. Negative values denote a reduction in the incidence rate