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Table 3 The number of outpatient visits according to socio-demographic, socio-economic, and health status of subjects (N = 11,793)

From: Factors influencing health care use by health insurance subscribers and medical aid beneficiaries: a study based on data from the Korea welfare panel study database

Characteristics   Health insurance subscribers
(n = 10,838)
M ± SD
t or F(p) Medical aid beneficiaries
(n = 955)
M ± SD
t or F(p)
Gender Men 15.61 ± 22.61 −15.13 27.25 ± 36.17 −4.01
Women 24.38 ± 33.32 (<.001) 38.18 ± 43.83 (<.001)
Age ≤19 7.93 ± 8.20 7.03 10.15 ± 11.22 0.41
20–29 7.81 ± 12.04 (<.001) 12.18 ± 21.83 (.814)
30–39 7.81 ± 8.75   30.88 ± 38.59  
40–49 8.77 ± 9.85   23.75 ± 29.25  
50–59 14.58 ± 20.40   35.20 ± 50.24  
60–69 22.14 ± 28.66   39.08 ± 43.13  
≥70 33.08 ± 38.39   38.83 ± 40.87  
Having a spouse Yes 17.81 ± 26.09 13.18 31.78 ± 37.90 1.12
No 28.09 ± 36.14 (<.001) 35.08 ± 42.80 (.262)
Household Single 34.30 ± 39.93 −15.37 41.30 ± 45.99 −4.12
 Type Non-single 17.96 ± 26.25 (<.001) 29.28 ± 37.38 (<.001)
Education None 37.09 ± 40.58 4.98 40.61 ± 44.83 2.44
 (Graduation) Primary 31.03 ± 37.02 (<.001) 38.88 ± 43.62 (.015)
Secondary 16.64 ± 23.84   30.26 ± 39.78  
College 10.04 ± 14.38   17.41 ± 20.44  
Private health Join 14.30 ± 21.12 22.40 29.94 ± 47.37 1.62
 Insurance Do not join 28.32 ± 35.84 (<.001) 35.35 ± 39.62 (.106)
Public pension Join 16.36 ± 24.37 14.90 33.98 ± 50.12 0.04
Do not join 25.62 ± 33.97 (<.001) 34.17 ± 40.51 (.967)
Residential City 19.01 ± 27.65 8.91 33.42 ± 39.23 1.01
 Area Rural 26.48 ± 34.65 (<.001) 38.07 ± 51.88 (.313)
Administrative Capital 17.10 ± 25.04 9.17 27.81 ± 32.18 3.46
 Area Non-capital 22.57 ± 31.06 (<.001) 36.99 ± 44.77 (.001)
Financial activity Yes 18.84 ± 26.43 11.23 31.33 ± 39.86 2.58
 Participation No 34.72 ± 44.99 (<.001) 38.91 ± 43.76 (.010)
Low-income Yes 31.26 ± 37.69 22.18 34.52 ± 41.60 0.92
 Household No 15.14 ± 22.42 (<.001) 29.69 ± 40.14 (.360)
Perceived health Very good 7.05 ± 10.40 8.13 8.27 ± 10.25 6.18
 Status Good 11.37 ± 14.32 (<.001) 18.72 ± 25.68 (<.001)
Neutral 26.15 ± 33.05   32.09 ± 38.88  
Poor 36.40 ± 40.17   39.70 ± 44.14  
Very poor 32.99 ± 41.71   58.79 ± 58.68  
Presence of Yes 28.12 ± 33.81 −45.44 38.52 ± 43.24 −16.21
 Chronic illness No 6.94 ± 9.55 (<.001) 8.87 ± 10.75 (<.001)
Disability Yes 31.52 ± 41.73 −8.87 34.05 ± 40.19 0.05
No 19.36 ± 27.52 (<.001) 34.20 ± 42.42 (.959)