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Table 1 Socio-demographic, socio-economic, and health status characteristics of subjects (N = 11,793)

From: Factors influencing health care use by health insurance subscribers and medical aid beneficiaries: a study based on data from the Korea welfare panel study database

Characteristics   Total
n (%)
Health insurance subscribers
(n = 10,838)
n (%)
Medical aid beneficiaries
(n = 955)
n (%)
Gender Men 6650 (44.5) 5955 (54.9) 360 (37.7)
Women 5243 (55.5) 4883 (45.1) 595 (62.3)
Age ≤19 181 (1.5) 119 (1.1) 52 (6.5)
20–29 393 (3.3) 343 (3.2) 50 (5.2)
30–39 1336 (11.3) 1314 (12.1) 22 (2.3)
40–49 2087 (17.7) 1990 (18.4) 97 (10.2)
50–59 2023 (17.3) 1856 (17.1) 167 (17.5)
60–69 1995 (16.9) 1829 (16.8) 166 (17.4)
≥70 3778 (32.0) 3387 (31.3) 391 (40.9)
Having a spouse Yes 8107 (68.7) 7844 (72.4) 263 (27.5)
No 3686 (31.3) 2994 (27.6) 692 (72.5)
Household type Single 2010 (17.0) 1642 (15.2) 368 (38.5)
Non-single 9783 (83.0) 9196 (84.8) 587 (61.5)
Education None 1151 (9.7) 968 (8.9) 183 (19.2)
 (Graduation) Primary school 2707 (23.0) 2409 (22.2) 298 (31.2)
Secondary school 4969 (42.1) 4583 (42.3) 386 (40.4)
College 2966 (25.2) 2878 (26.6) 88 (9.2)
Private health Join 6435 (54.6) 6214 (57.3) 221 (23.1)
 Insurance Do not join 5358 (45.4) 4624 (42.7) 734 (76.9)
Public pension Join 6170 (52.3) 6077 (56.1) 93 (9.7)
Do not join 5623 (47.7) 4761 (43.9) 862 (90.3)
Residential area City 9395 (79.7) 8595 (79.3) 800 (83.8)
Rural 2398 (20.3) 2243 (20.7) 155 (16.2)
Administrative Capital 4184 (35.5) 3887 (35.9) 297 (31.1)
 Area Non-capital 7609 (64.5) 6951 (64.1) 658 (68.9)
Financial activity Yes 10,344 (87.7) 9726 (89.7) 618 (64.7)
 Participation No 1449 (12.3) 1112 (10.3) 337 (35.3)
Low-income Yes 7498 (63.6) 3411 (31.5) 884 (92.6)
household No 4295 (36.4) 7427 (68.5) 71 (7.4)
Perceived health Very good 1060 (9.0) 1035 (9.5) 25 (2.6)
 Status Good 5246 (44.6) 5047 (46.6) 199 (20.8)
Neutral 2789 (23.6) 2529 (23.4) 260 (27.2)
Poor 2480 (21.0) 2050 (18.9) 430 (45.0)
Very poor 218 (1.8) 177 (1.6) 41 (4.4)
Presence of Yes 6853 (58.1) 6089 (56.2) 764 (80.0)
 Chronic illness No 4940 (41.9) 4749 (43.8) 191 (20.0)
Disability Yes 1331 (11.4) 1031 (9.6) 300 (31.7)
No 10,390 (88.6) 9745 (90.4) 645 (68.3)