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Table 2 Characteristics of participants in 2006 and 2010

From: Social and economic development and pregnancy mental health: secondary analyses of data from rural Vietnam

 Number of women (%)
2006 (n = 134)2010 (n = 419)
Education level
 Did not complete secondary school49 (36.6)78 (18.7)
 Completed secondary school or higher*85 (63.4)240 (81.3)
Occupation
 Factory/government/private sector employee16 (11.9)106 (25.3)
 Farmer/student/trader/handicraft worker118 (88.1)313 (74.7)
Job provides a stable income103 (76.9)291 (70.1)
Married133 (99.3)418 (99.8)
Household wealth index
 Lowest quartile79 (59.0)60 (14.3)
 Upper three quartiles55 (41.0)359 (85.7)
Recognised as a poor household17 (12.7)17 (4.1)
Age at first pregnancy (mean (±SD))21.39 (±2.89)22.50 (±3.44)
Number of pregnancies (mean (±SD))2.08 (±1.18)2.29 (±1.24)
Number of abortions
 None124 (92.5)341 (81.4)
 At least 110 (7.5)78 (18.6)
Parity
 No children55 (41.4)158 (37.9)
 1 child47 (35.3)183 (43.9)
 More than 1 child31 (23.3)76 (18.2)
Child death (at birth or in the first week of life)3 (3.8)9 (3.4)
Foetal sex is known by the woman during pregnancy95 (70.9)386 (92.1)
Pregnancy is welcome104 (77.6)370 (88.3)
Illness during pregnancy38 (28.4)163 (38.9)
Intending to breastfeed exclusively78 (58.2)378 (90.2)
Using iodised salt during pregnancy125 (93.3)375 (89.5)
Using iron supplements during pregnancy100 (74.6)379 (90.5)
IBM Care subscale, (mean (±SD))32.26 (±4.51)31.86 (±4.37)
IBM Control subscale, (mean (±SD))12.62 (±11.03)9.45 (±5.78)
Frightened of other family member (past year)7 (5.2)27 (6.4)
Stressful life event during pregnancy22 (16.4)89 (21.2)
History of a mental disorder0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
  1. SD – standard deviation, IBM – Intimate Bonds Measure
  2. *In Vietnam, completion of secondary school is equivalent to Year 9 in Australia