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Table 2 Associations of physical IPV and/or sexual victimization with risk behaviours by region

From: Associations of physical partner violence and sexual violence victimization on health risk behaviours and mental health among university students from 25 countries

VariableRegion (prevalence of outcome variable)AORa (95% CI)
Risk behaviour
 Two or more sexual partners in past yearAmericas (26.1%)2.21 (1.46, 3.36)***
Sub-Saharan Africa (24.2%)3.21 (2.47, 4.19)***
North Africa & Central Asia (36.8%)2.32 (0.89, 6.04)
South Asia and China (1.5%)12.86 (4.29, 38.54)***
Southeast Asia (3.5%)2.53 (0.50, 12.84)
 Alcohol use in the context of sexAmericas (25.2%)1.60 (0.94, 2.73)
Sub-Saharan Africa (14.1%)2.62 (1.63, 4.23)***
North Africa & Central Asia (9.9%)4.38 (3.37, 5.70)***
South Asia and China (2.0%)24.92 (2.75, 225.53)**
Southeast Asia (9.7%)4.68 (1.61, 13.60)**
 PregnancyAmericas (12.4%)3.51 (2.42, 5.10)***
Sub-Saharan Africa (16.2%)3.34 (2.16, 5.18)***
North Africa & Central Asia (5.0%)7.95 (4.04, 8.76)***
South Asia and China (1.8%)5.28 (0.81, 4.10)
Southeast Asia (2.8%)2.84 (0.71, 11.44)
 Was in a physical fight in the past 12 monthAmericas (10.7%)1.36 (0.94, 1.99)
Sub-Saharan Africa (14.4%)2.12 (1.26, 2.58)**
North Africa & Central Asia (18.3%)3.49 (2.72, 4.46)***
South Asia and China (12.1%)1.97 (0.93, 4.19)
Southeast Asia (7.2%)3.17 (0.96, 10.37)
 Weapon carrying in the past 30 daysAmericas (6.2%)1.39 (0.95, 2.02)
Sub-Saharan Africa (5.7%)2.10 (1.51, 2.93)***
North Africa & Central Asia (9.1%)2.14 (1.56, 2.95)***
South Asia and China (5.1%)2.49 (1.50, 4.13)***
Southeast Asia (3.5%)5.31 (3.86, 7.28)***
 Skipping breakfastAmericas (43.8%)1.44 (0.98, 2.10)
Sub-Saharan Africa (49.9%)1.21 (1.01, 1.44)*
North Africa & Central Asia (45.9%)1.13 (0.84, 1.51)
South Asia and China (37.2%)1.29 (0.77, 2.16)
Southeast Asia (51.9%)1.06 (0.62, 1.83)
 Salt usuallyAmericas (27.3%)1.33 (1.01, 1.76)*
Sub-Saharan Africa (49.9%)1.26 (0.86, 1.84)
North Africa & Central Asia (52.9%)1.25 (0.90, 1.74)
South Asia and China (38.4%)0.58 (0.32, 0.93)*
Southeast Asia (27.1%)0.92 (0.42, 1.99)
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio; ***P < 0.001; **P < 0.01; *P < 0.05; aAdjusted for age, sex, study year, social support, family income or wealth, country, exposure to physical violence in childhood, binge drinking (if not outcome variable), depression (if not outcome variable) and PTSD (if not outcome variable)