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Table 1 Associations of physical IPV and/or sexual victimization on risk behaviours and mental health

From: Associations of physical partner violence and sexual violence victimization on health risk behaviours and mental health among university students from 25 countries

Variable (prevalence) AllMaleFemale
 OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Sexual risk behaviour
 Two or more sexual partners in past year (19.2%)UOR3.65 (1.90, 7.02)***3.41 (2.01, 5.77)***4.08 (1.54, 10.85)***
AORa3.81 (2.28, 6.36)***3.74 (2.40, 5.83)***4.11 (2.05, 8.22)***
 Alcohol use in the context of sex (14.1%)UOR3.26 (2.16, 4.93)***2.74 (1.74, 4.30)***4.00 (2.50, 6.38)***
AORa3.14 (2.14, 4.60)***3.01 (2.05, 4.40)***3.21 (2.00, 5.18)***
 History of sexually transmitted infection (5.7%)UOR1.90 (0.58, 6.19)1.89 (0.67, 5.31)1.92 (0.52, 7.01)
 Diagnosed with HIV (0.6%)UOR23.08 (11.69, 46.34)***28.04 (11.33, 71.62)***19.04 (9.72, 37.03)***
AORa11.43 (5.73, 22.82)***15.73 (6.96, 33.51)***8.87 (3.99, 19.72)***
 Pregnancy (8.1%)UOR5.74 (4.01, 8.21)***3.63 (2.79, 5.76)***8.25 (5.09, 13.37)***
AORa5.49 (3.92, 7.70)***3.50 (2.38, 5.13)***8.13 (4.90, 13.49)***
Violence related behaviour
 Was in a physical fight in the past 12 month (12.7%)UOR3.14 (2.16, 4.56)***3.22 (2.17, 5.76)***2.87 (2.03, 4.06)***
AORa2.52 (1.68, 3.77)***2.85 (1.97, 4.13)***1.97 (1.38, 2.81)***
 Weapon carrying in the past 30 days (6.0%)UOR2.57 (1.85, 3.56)***2.56 (1.80, 3.65)***2.29 (1.66, 3.18)***
AORa2.14 (1.64, 2.78)***2.34 (1.77, 3.09)***1.72 (1.23, 2.43)**
 Injury in the past year (24.5%)UOR1.28 (0.96, 1.72)1.29 (0.91, 1.83)1.20 (0.86, 1.69)
Mental health
 Depression severe (13.0%)UOR1.92 (1.50, 2.45)***1.46 (1.04, 2.03)*2.35 (1.75, 3.15)***
AORb1.40 (1.13, 1.74)**1.16 (0.86, 1.56)1.63 (1.18, 2.25)**
 Loneliness (10.3%)UOR1.62 (1.20, 2.19)**1.25 (0.78, 2.01)1.97 (1.35, 2.87)***
AORc1.41 (1.06, 1.86)*1.12 (0.72 1.74)1.69 (1.13, 2.13)**
 Post-traumatic stress disorder (19.7%)UOR2.47 (1.90, 3.22)***1.97 (1.47, 2.64)***2.99 (2.21, 4.03)***
AORd1.92 (1.52, 2.42)***1.66 (1.30, 2.13)***2.18 (1.57, 3.02)***
 Sleeping problem (10.2%)UOR1.83 (1.40, 2.39)***1.90 (1.35, 2.68)***1.79 (1.26, 2.55)**
AORc1.71 (1.34, 219)***1.80 (1.31, 2.49)***1.65 (1.16, 2.33)**
 Short sleep (39.7%)UOR1.33 (1.09, 1.62)**1.26 (1.00,1.59)*1.38 (1.08, 1.75)*
AORc1.28 (1.03, 1.58)*1.19 (0.92, 1.54)1.35 (1.06, 1.71)*
Addictive behaviour
 Current binge drinking (12.5%)UOR1.91 (1.28, 2.84)**1.38 (0.82, 2.32)2.61 (1.82, 3.75)**
AORe1.88 (1.34, 2.64)***1.38 (0.87, 2.19)2.56 (1.84, 3.55)***
 Current tobacco use (12.4%)UOR3.13 (2.12, 4.63)***2.92 (2.01, 4.23)**3.34 (2.22, 5.04)***
AORa2.57 (1.75, 3.77)***2.60 (1.84, 3.67)***2.45 (1.70, 3.54)***
 Drug use (10 or more times in past 12 months) (3.7%)UOR2.04 (1.27, 3.26)**1.98 (1.01, 3.90)*2.04 (1.02, 4.09)*
AORa1.72 (1.11, 2.67)*1.80 (1.00, 3.31)*1.56 (0.81, 3.04)
Other health risk behaviour
 Physical inactivity (42.2%)UOR0.81 (0.56, 1.18)0.83 (0.58, 1.20)0.84 (0.55, 1.29)
 Skipping breakfast (46.6%)UOR1.33 (1.12, 1.58)**1.42 (1.18, 1.71)***1.27 (0.98, 1.64)
AORa1.20 (1.04, 1.40)*1.42 (1.19, 1.69)***1.06 (0.85, 1.33
 Inadequate fruit and vegetable intake (81.3%)UOR0.91 (0.71,1.18)0.79 (0.64, 0.98)*1.05 (0.70, 1.58)
 Salt usually (40.0%)UOR1.44 (1.04, 2.00)*1.43 (0.99, 2.07)1.47 (1.05, 2.05)*
AORa1.46 (1.14, 1.88)**1.43 (1.05, 1.93)*1.53 (1.19, 1.98)**
 Not always wearing a seatbelt (53.9%)UOR0.88 (0.63, 1.24)0.88 (0.60, 1.30)0.88 (0.59, 1.29)
Subjective health (poor) (8.8%)UOR1.42 (0.89, 2.28)1.56 (0.94, 2.68)1.07 (0.71, 1.60)
Academic performance (poor) (6.1%)UOR0.97 (0.69, 1.35)0.96 (0.68, 1.34)0.92 (0.54, 1.57)
  1. UOR unadjusted odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio; ***P < 0.001; **P < 0.01; *P < 0.05; aModel 1: Adjusted for age, sex, study year, social support, family income or wealth, country, exposure to physical violence in childhood, binge drinking, depression and PTSD; bAdjusted for all variables in model 1, except for depression; cAdjusted for all variales in model 1, expect for depression and PTSD; dAdjusted for all variales in model 1, except for PTSD; eAdjusted for all variables in model 1, except for binge drinking