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Table 4 Multilevel mixed-effects logit estimation: prescription drug abuse recognition

From: Recognition and stigma of prescription drug abuse disorder: personal and community determinants

 Sig.Exp (B)
Respondent Variables:
 Own Prescription Drug Abuse0.0000.345
 Friend/family Prescription Drug Abuse0.1691.411
 Male0.0060.541
 White0.0851.582
[Age base = 35–54]
 Age 18–340.0600.649
 Age 55+0.0002.909
[Respondent Income: base = $50–75)]
 $25 K or less0.4661.299
 $25-50 K0.4921.250
 $75-100 K0.9761.010
 $100 K+0.5611.206
[Respondent Education: base = HS or less]
 Some college0.0182.019
 College degree0.0242.034
 More than College0.7871.099
[Sufferer in Vignette: base = Michael]
 Michelle0.3021.236
Regional Level Variables:
 Northeast0.2790.644
 Midwest0.6371.190
 West0.6551.251
County Level Variables:
 Rural0.3901.408
 Unemployment0.8330.986
 Association Rate0.4150.789
 Percent fair or poor health0.8290.982
 Percent access to exercise0.3281.008
 Percent uninsured0.6420.986
 Percent frequent physical distress0.5220.852
 Percent frequent mental distress0.0981.353
 Percent lack of sleep0.2380.939
 Percent physically inactive0.0691.083
[County Quartile Mental Health Providers Per Capita: base = lowest]
 2nd Quartile0.3090.749
 3rd Quartile0.2160.656
 4th Quartile0.0270.421
 Percent excessive drinking0.4580.952
 Percent alcohol driving deaths0.1691.015
 Violent crime rate0.1790.999
 Percent child poverty0.7390.990
 Legalized Marijuana State Law0.9001.043
 Constant0.9601.155
Number of observations 590
Number of groups (counties with observations) 392
Log Pseudolikelihood − 292.352