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Table 1 Clinical and demographic characteristics of the study population

From: Knowledge and stigma of latent tuberculosis infection in Brazil: implications for tuberculosis prevention strategies

CharacteristicNorth (n = 219)Northeast (n = 346)Southeast (n = 491)South (n = 259)Center West (n = 217)Total (n = 1532)P-value
Age, median [IQR]38.0 [23.0, 48.0]36.0 [26.0, 51.0]36.0 [26.0, 49.0]38.0 [25.0, 53.0]36.0 [27.0, 48.0]37.0 [25.0, 49.0]0.90
Male gender110 (50.2% [49.4, 51.0])172 (49.7% [48.7, 50.7])243 (49.5% [48.8, 50.1])129 (49.8% [49.1, 50.5])106 (48.8% [47.0, 50.7])760 (49.6% [49.2, 50.0])0.99
Self-reported ethnicitya      < 0.001
 Brown (Pardo)123 (56.9% [49.3, 64.3])161 (46.8% [41.5, 52.2])191 (39.7% [35.2, 44.4])57 (22.2% [15.6, 30.6])110 (51.2% [44.4, 57.9])642 (41.0% [38.2, 43.8]) 
 Black17 (7.9% [4.5, 13.4])80 (23.3% [17.8, 29.7])79 (16.4% [12.8, 20.8])37 (14.4% [9.7, 20.8])35 (16.3% [12.0, 21.7])248 (17.4% [15.0, 20.1]) 
 White43 (19.9% [15.3, 25.5])57 (16.6% [12.4, 21.8])155 (32.2% [27.8, 37.0])156 (60.7% [52.9, 68.0])42 (19.5% [14.8, 25.3])453 (30.5% [27.9, 33.3]) 
 Indigenous15 (6.9% [4.3, 11.1])9 (2.6% [1.3, 5.2])17 (3.5% [1.9, 6.4])1 (0.4% [0.1, 2.8])6 (2.8% [1.4, 5.5])48 (3.0% [2.1, 4.3]) 
 Asian17 (7.9% [5.1, 12.0])27 (7.8% [6.0, 10.2])35 (7.3% [5.1, 10.3])6 (2.3% [1.2, 4.7])19 (8.8% [5.0, 15.2])104 (6.8% [5.6, 8.3]) 
Urban residence169 (77.2% [51.6, 91.5])272 (78.6% [59.1, 90.3])453 (92.3% [78.1, 97.5])235 (90.7% [68.4, 97.8])193 (88.9% [63.6, 97.4])1322 (87.1% [79.4, 92.1])< 0.001
Poor Family Economic Situationb122 (56.0% [48.0, 63.6])215 (63.2% [58.2, 68.0])250 (51.7% [46.4, 56.8])113 (44.0% [39.2, 48.9])97 (46.4% [40.1, 52.8])797 (53.6% [50.7, 56.4])< 0.001
Education      0.002
 None2 (0.9% [0.2, 3.5])12 (3.6% [2.0, 6.5])10 (2.1% [1.1, 3.8])0 (0.0)4 (1.9% [0.8, 4.7])28 (2.1% [1.4, 3.1]) 
 Primary42 (19.3% [14.4, 25.3])103 (30.9% [26.4, 35.8])110 (22.7% [18.3, 27.9])56 (21.8% [16.0, 28.9])50 (24.3% [17.4, 32.7])361 (24.6% [22.0, 27.5]) 
 Secondary155 (71.1% [65.5, 76.1])201 (60.4% [55.5, 65.1])319 (65.9% [61.5, 70.1])172 (66.9% [59.9, 73.3])132 (64.1% [55.8, 71.6])979 (64.8% [62.2, 67.4]) 
 Post-secondary19 (8.7% [5.0, 14.7])17 (5.1% [3.1, 8.4])45 (9.3% [6.9, 12.5])29 (11.3% [7.7, 16.2])20 (9.7% [6.4, 14.5])130 (8.5% [7.0, 10.2]) 
Received TB stigma questions121 (55.3% [47.6, 62.7])182 (52.6% [47.3, 57.8])243 (49.5% [45.1, 53.9])131 (50.6% [44.9, 56.2])111 (51.2% [43.3, 59.0])788 (51.0% [48.4, 53.7])0.68
  1. Numbers presented as “frequency (weighted column percent within region [95% confidence interval for percent])” unless otherwise indicated
  2. Column percents may not sum to 100 due to rounding
  3. a Excludes “other” race (n = 18)
  4. bResponses of “Not enough, and having a hard time” or “Not enough, and are stretched”