Skip to main content

Table 2 Breast Cancer knowledge and risk awareness of women in the community knowledge assessment

From: Understanding women’s perspectives on breast cancer is essential for cancer control: knowledge, risk awareness, and care-seeking in Mwanza, Tanzania

Response N (%)
Have you ever heard of cancer?
 Yes 834 (73.9%)
 No 295 (26.1%)
Have you ever received previous education about breast health or breast cancer?
 Yes 119 (10.5%)
 No 1010 (89.5%)
Do you know anyone, family or otherwise, who has been diagnosed with breast cancer?
 Yes 293 (26.0%)
 No 836 (74.0%)
Have you ever been told that you have breast cancer?
 Yes 30 (2.7%)
 No 1099 (97.3%)
On a scale from 1 to 10 how would you rate your knowledge of breast cancer?
 median (IQR) 3 (1–4)
Do you know any of the warning signs or symptoms of breast cancer?
 Yes 155 (13.7%)
 No 974 (86.3%)
Symptoms Free listed* Read off**
  N = 155 N = 155 N = 1129
Change in position of the nipple 32 (20.6%) 89 (57.4%) 291 (25.8%)
Puckering or Dimpling of the breast skin 35 (22.6%) 91 (58.7%) 308 (27.3%)
Nipple rash 72 (46.4%) 116 (74.8%) 360 (31.9%)
A lump or thickening under the armpit 117 (75.5%) 122 (78.7%) 393 (34.8%)
Pulling in of the nipple 58 (37.4%) 106 (68.4%) 347 (30.7%)
Discharge or bleeding from the nipple 68 (43.9%) 111 (71.6%) 368 (32.6%)
Redness of the Breast skin 36 (23.2%) 87 (56.1%) 322 (28.5%)
Changes in the shape of the breast or nipple 35 (22.6%) 89 (57.4%) 336 (29.8%)
Pain in one of the breasts or armpits 77 (49.7%) 111 (71.6%) 386 (34.2%)
A lump or thickening in the breast 108 (69.8%) 124 (80.0%) 411 (36.4%)
Changes in the size of the breast or nipple 31 (20.6%) 88 (56.8%) 307 (27.2%)
  1. *Free listed: If women indicated that they knew any of the signs or symptoms of breast cancer they were then asked to verbally list the ones they knew. These were captured and recorded. **Read off: Once women were done free listing OR if they did not know any signs or symptoms of breast cancer, they were then read this list of signs and symptoms and asked to indicate which ones they believed were true