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Table 3 Bivariate analysis of bat contact experiences (Counts (n1 = 228), odds ratios, confidence intervals and p-values of independent variables)

From: Risk factors for bat contact and consumption behaviors in Thailand; a quantitative study

VariablesTotal number (N = 626)Reported bat contact
(n = 228)
Unadjusted odds ratio95%ClP-value
n%
Sociodemographic information
1. Sex
Male34114161.840.620.45–0.870.005*
Female2858738.161  
2. Age group
> 36 years1324117.981.350.89–2.040.150*
  ≤ 36 years49418782.021  
3. Occupation
Agriculture-related occupation2246628.951.621.14–2.290.007*
Other40216271.051  
4. Marital status
Married or cohabiting52618882.461.200.77–1.860.417
Single1004017.541  
5. Family size
≤ 2 people1234017.541.240.82–1.880.316
  > 2 people50318882.461  
6. Number of children
0 children1957432.460.910.64–1.290.593
  > 1 children43115467.541  
7. Educational attainment
 Secondary school41115969.740.750.53–1.060.104*
 Other2156930.261  
8. Family monthly income
  ≤ 15,000 Baht43815065.791.360.96–1.940.084*
> 15,000 Baht1887834.211  
9. Own a car
Yes31411048.251.130.81–1.560.468
No31211851.751  
10. Own a motorcycle
Yes57421092.110.920.51–1.670.777
No52187.891  
Knowledge, attitudes, practices and perceptions
11. Human can get diseases from bats
True40156.580.950.49–1.850.884
False58621393.421  
12. There are no concerns about getting diseases from bats
True482410.530.640.43–0.950.026*
False57820489.471  
13. Bats can transmit diseases to humans
True842812.281.170.72–1.900.527
False54220087.72   
14. Bats are economically beneficial to the community
Agree1086528.510.300.20–0.47< 0.001*
Disagree51816371.491  
15. One can contract diseases if exposed to bats
True1013716.630.990.64–1.540.961
False52519183.771  
16. One can contract diseases by drinking water from the same place as bats do
True1394821.051.110.75–1.650.600
False48718078.771  
17. One can contract diseases by eating fruit left by bats
True1706428.070.930.65–1.140.697
False45616471.931  
18. Bat guano is safe to use
True58146,141.901.02–3.550.041*
False56821493.86   
19. Bats are safe to eat
True1693716.232.561.70–3.86< 0.001*
False45719183.77   
20. There are laws related to hunting bats for consumption
True1966628.951.190.84–1.700.335
False43016271.051  
21. Children are allowed to play with bats
True43113860.531.821.29–2.570.001*
False1959039.471  
22. Found dead bat(s) and brought home for food
True51819585.530.730.47–1.140.164
False1083314.471  
23. Feel safe in areas where bats live
True2104720.612.671.83–3.90< 0.001*
False41618179.391  
  1. *Cut-off point for stepwise logistic regression at p < 0.15