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Table 3 Baseline characteristics of mothers in the Gaza Strip by BMI category (n = 357)

From: Prevalence and predictors of overweight and obesity among women in the Gaza strip-Palestine: a cross-sectional study

VariablesNormal weight
(n = 128)
Overweight
(n = 123)
Obesity
(n = 106)
P-Value (X2)
Geographic location   0.107
 Urban43 (43.0)26 (26.0)31 (31.0) 
 Rural13 (32.5)19 (47.5)8 (20.0) 
 Refugee camp72 (33.2)78 (35.9)67 (30.9) 
Age (year)   < 0.001 (42.73)*
  ≤ 2657 (55.9)31 (30.4)14 (13.7) 
 27–3350 (34.7)55 (38.2)39 (27.1) 
  > 3321 (19.0)37 (33.3)53 (47.7) 
Educational level   0.017 (12.01)*
 High29 (36.7)32 (40.5)18 (22.8) 
 Medium60 (42.9)46 (32.8)34 (24.3) 
 Low39 (28.3)45 (32.6)54 (39.1) 
Work status   0.294
 Housewife122 (36.0)114 (33.6)103 (30.4) 
 Employee6 (33.3)9 (50.0)3 (16.7) 
Household member   0.090
 3–692 (49.5)61 (32.8)33 (17.7) 
  > 636 (21.1)62 (36.3)73 (42.6) 
Household assistance   0.492
 Yes63 (34.1)62 (33.5)60 (32.4) 
 No65 (37.8)61 (35.5)46 (26.7) 
Monthly income (NIS)   0.022 (11.49)*
  > 200020 (28.2)27 (38.0)24 (33.8) 
 1000–200043 (29.7)58 (40.0)44 (30.3) 
  < 100065 (46.0)38 (27.0)38 (27.0) 
Nutrition knowledge score   0.078
  < 1363 (38.4)62 (37.8)39 (23.8) 
  ≥ 1365 (33.7)61 (31.6)67 (34.7) 
Type of physical activity   0.203
 Low23 (29.9)25 (32.5)29 (37.6) 
 Moderate105 (37.5)98 (35.0)77 (27.5) 
Sitting time (hour/day)    
 1–394 (37.5)84 (33.4)73 (29.1)0.623
  > 334 (32.1)39 (36.8)33 (31.1) 
Number of pregnancies   < 0.001 (30.88)*
 1–590 (47.4)64 (33.7)36 (18.9) 
  > 538 (22.8)59 (35.3)70 (41.9) 
  1. Chi square test. *Statistically significant P-value < 0.05
  2. 1$ = 3.9NIS
  3. High Educational level: Diploma, university level, and master’s degree/PhD; Medium Educational level: secondary; Low Educational level: elementary or below and preparatory