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Table 2 Daily per capita caloric intake comparison by food groups – across sectors and MPCE deciles

From: A comparison of the Indian diet with the EAT-Lancet reference diet

 EAT-LancetSectorsHighest MPCE DecileLowest MPCE Decile
UrbanRuralUrbanRuralUrbanRural
Whole grainsa811 (32%)1029 (1023, 1034)
(47%)
1275 (1269, 1282)
(58%)
864 (831, 897)
(28%)
1347 (1292, 1403)
(42%)
1069 (1047, 1091)
(65%)
1159 (1132, 1185)
(70%)
Potato and Cassava39 (2%)51 (51, 52)
(2%)
63 (62, 64)
(3%)
56 (52, 60)
(2%)
58 (53, 62)
(2%)
56 (53, 59)
(3%)
57 (54, 61)
(3%)
Vegetables78 (3%)63 (62, 63)
(3%)
53 (53, 54)
(2%)
93 (89, 97)
(3%)
90 (83, 97)
(3%)
35 (34, 36)
(2%)
30 (29, 31)
(2%)
Fruitsb126 (5%)46 (45, 47)
(2%)
28 (27, 28)
(1%)
122 (116, 129)
(4%)
81 (77, 85)
(3%)
9 (8, 10)
(1%)
5 (4, 6)
-
Dairy Foods153 (6%)184 (182, 186)
(8%)
145 (143, 148)
(7%)
362 (347, 378)
(12%)
366 (348, 383)
(12%)
49 (45, 52)
(3%)
27 (24, 30)
(2%)
Protein sources726 (29%)151 (149, 153)
(7%)
125 (124, 127)
(6%)
230 (219, 241)
(7%)
262 (246, 277)
(8%)
76 (74, 78)
(5%)
63 (61, 66)
(4%)
All Animal source proteins151 (6%)33 (33, 34)
(2%)
26 (25, 26)
(1%)
60 (54, 65)
(2%)
66 (60, 72)
(2%)
10 (9, 11)
(1%)
6 (5, 7)
-
Beef and lamb15 (1%)5 (5, 5)
-
3 (3, 3)
-
7 (6, 9)
-
11 (8, 14)
-
2 (1, 2)
-
0 (0, 0)
-
Pork15 (1%)0 (0, 0)
-
0 (0, 0)
-
0 (0, 0)
-
0 (0, 0)
-
0 (−1, 0)
-
0 (0, 0)
-
Poultry (Chicken & other)62 (2%)8 (8, 9)
-
6 (6, 6)
-
16 (14, 19)
(1%)
16 (13, 20)
(1%)
1 (1, 2)
-
1 (0, 1)
-
Eggs19 (1%)10 (10, 10)
-
6 (6, 6)
-
18 (16, 20)
(1%)
13 (12, 14)
-
3 (2, 4)
-
1 (1, 2)
-
Fish40 (2%)8 (8, 9)
-
9 (9, 9)
-
16 (14, 18)
(1%)
23 (21, 26)
(1%)
3 (2, 3)
-
2 (2, 3)
-
Legumesc426 (17%)95 (95, 96)
(4%)
84 (83, 85)
(4%)
122 (117, 127)
(4%)
143 (132, 153)
(5%)
61 (59, 63)
(4%)
55 (53, 58)
(4%)
Tree nutsd149 (6%)21 (21, 22)
(1%)
14 (14, 15)
(1%)
47 (43, 51)
(2%)
52 (48, 56)
(2%)
4 (3, 4)
-
1 (1, 2)
-
Added fats450 (18%)271 (269, 274)
(12%)
207 (204, 210)
(9%)
370 (352, 388)
(12%)
375 (316, 434)
(12%)
137 (133, 142)
(8%)
104 (100, 109)
(6%)
Palm Oile60 (2%)154 (151, 156)
(7%)
94 (91, 97)
(4%)
222 (206, 238)
(7%)
201 (152, 250)
(6%)
54 (49, 60)
(3%)
38 (33, 43)
(2%)
Unsaturated Fatsf354 (14%)101 (99, 104)
(5%)
107 (105, 109)
(5%)
104 (94, 115)
(3%)
147 (133, 161)
(5%)
82 (76, 87)
(5%)
65 (61, 70)
(4%)
Dairy Fats0 (0%)15 (15, 16)
(1%)
5 (4, 5)
-
42 (39, 46)
(1%)
26 (14, 38)
(1%)
0 (0, 1)
-
0 (−1, 0)
-
Lard36 (1%)
All sweeteners120 (5%)114 (113, 115)
(5%)
102 (101, 104)
(5%)
139 (133, 145)
(5%)
202 (178, 227)
(6%)
65 (63, 68)
(4%)
47 (45, 49)
(3%)
Processed Foodg 263 (256, 270)
(12%)
204 (199, 209)
(9%)
911 (821, 1001)
(30%)
407 (356, 458)
(13%)
131 (119, 142)
(8%)
136 (123, 149)
(8%)
Spicesh 39 (39, 40)
(2%)
35 (34, 35)
(2%)
51 (49, 54)
(2%)
63 (58, 68)
(2%)
21 (21, 22)
(1%)
18 (17, 18)
(1%)
Total2503216922143079317416431645
  1. Mean values in kcal reported with 95% confidence intervals in parenthesis. Second row of each cell reports the mean value as a % of daily total calorie consumption. NSS-CES sampling weights were applied in calculations
  2. Lighter font represents subgroups within major food groups
  3. MPCE (Monthly Per Capita Expenditure) signifies classification of population by economic level. Highest and lowest MPCE refers to the richest and poorest 5% of the population respectively
  4. aWhole grains consist of cereals like rice, wheat, wheat flour and other cereals like jowar, bajra, maize, barley, millets and ragi
  5. bFruits consists of all fruits and raisins, dates and other dried fruits
  6. cLegumes consists of all pulses and groundnuts,
  7. dTree nuts consist of coconut, coconut green and coconut-copra (dried), cashew nuts, walnuts and other nuts
  8. ePalm oil contains vanaspati, refined and edible oil
  9. fUnsaturated oil contains mustard, groundnut and coconut
  10. gProcessed Food includes rice products, chira, khoi, lawa, muri, bread, bakery products, suji, maida, jowar products, besan, other gram products, cold and hot beverages, outside cooked meals including snacks, prepared sweets, namkeen, chips, pickles, sauce, jams, jelly, ice cream, biscuits, chocolates
  11. hSpices include all spices like Ginger, garlic, jeera, dhania, turmeric, black pepper, dry chillies, tamarind, curry powder, oilseeds and other spices
  12. Data not available in NSS on lard
  13. - Below 1%
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