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Table 4 Regression analysis of overweight and obesity among reproductive age group women with their educational status and other covariates in Ethiopia, (N = 2848)

From: Education and prevalence of overweight and obesity among reproductive age group women in Ethiopia: analysis of the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey data

Respondent Characteristics Overweight and Obese Bivariate logistic regression Multivariable logistic regression P-Value
Yes, n (%) No, n (%) COR (95%CI) AOR (95%CI)
Educational status
 No education 72(5.8) 1159(94.2) 1 1  
 Primary 160(16.2) 830(83.8) 3.10(2.32,4.16) 1.91(1.30,2.79) 0.001
 Secondary 96(26.7) 269(73.3) 5.75(4.12,8.02) 1.90(1.16,3.12) 0.011
 Higher 97(37.0) 165(63.0) 9.46(6.70,13.37) 2.11(1.18,3.76) 0.012
Respondents age
 15–24 years old 48(6.6) 680(93.4) 1 1  
 25-34 years old 216(16.5) 1090(83.5) 2.81(2.02,3.89) 3.03(2.06,4.48) <  0.001
  > =35 years old 161(19.8) 653(80.2) 3.49(2.49,4.91) 6.51(4.08,10.37) <  0.001
Religion
 Orthodox 254(16.8) 1262(83.2) 1 1  
 Catholic 2(9.5) 19(90.5) 0.52(0.12,2.26) 0.46(0.09,2.37) 0.353
 Protestant 55(8.8) 568(91.2) 0.48(0.35,0.66) 0.72(0.48,1.07) 0.105
 Muslim 113(16.8) 561(83.2) 1.00(0.79,1.28) 1.01(0.73, 1.39) 0.977
 Others 1(7.1) 13(92.9) 0.38(0.05,2.94) 0.87(0.10,7.69) 0.901
Number of children
 None 24(10) 215(90) 1 1  
 1–3 299(18.3) 1335(81.7) 2.01(1.29,3.12) 1.46(0.86,2.49) 0.167
  > =4 102(10.5) 873(89.5) 1.05(0.66,1.67) 1.496(0.78,2.89) 0.229
Type of current contraceptive use
 Traditional 23(31.5) 50(68.5) 2.72(1.64,4.50) 0.74(0.40,1.36) 0.335
 Modern 402(14.5) 2373(85.5) 1 1  
Respondents region
 Tigray 22(6.7) 308(93.3) 1 1  
 Afar 16(22.9) 54(77.1) 4.15(2.05,8.40) 2.06(0.90,4.71) 0.087
 Amhara 23(4.3) 509(95.7) 0.63(0.35,1.15) 0.96(0.49,1.86) 0.896
 Oromia 33(9.1) 330(90.9) 1.40(0.80,2.45) 2.29(1.21,4.35) 0.011
 Somali 5(31.2) 11(68.8) 6.36(2.03,19.94) 4.88(1.30,18.31) 0.019
 Benishangul 26(12.6) 181(87.4) 2.01(1.11,3.65) 4.05(2.04,8.07) <  0.001
 SNNPR 30(6.2) 450(93.8) 0.93(0.53,1.65) 1.89(0.96,3.74) 0.067
 Gambella 22(11.5) 170(88.5) 1.81(0.98,3.37) 1.54(0.77,3.09) 0.227
 Harari 51(34.9) 95(65.1) 7.52(4.34,13.03) 3.10(1.62,5.92) 0.001
 Addis Ababa 147(41.5) 207(58.5) 9.94(6.14,16.09) 2.54(1.46,4.39) 0.001
 Dire Dawa 50(31.6) 108(68.4) 6.48(3.75,11.20) 2.28(1.21,4.29) 0.011
Residence
 Urban 354(33.6) 700(66.4) 12.27(9.37,16.07) 3.11(2.02,4.80) <  0.001
 Rural 71(4.0) 1723(96.0) 1 1  
Employment status
 Not employed 174(14.0) 1069(86.0) 0.88(0.71,1.08) 0.89(0.68,1.15) 0.361
 Employed 251(15.6%) 1354(84.4) 1 1  
Husband/partners educational status
 No education 57(6.3) 842(93.7) 1 1  
 Primary 117(10.7) 972(89.3) 1.78(1.28,2.47) 0.83(0.56,1.24) 0.365
 Secondary 124(26.7) 341(73.3) 5.37(3.83,7.53) 1.00(0.63,1.59) 0.999
 Higher 127(32.2) 268(67.8) 7.00(4.98,9.85) 1.11(0.67,1.84) 0.697
Wealth index
 Poor 10(1.4) 688(98.6) 1 1  
 Medium 13(2.9) 440(97.1) 2.03(0.88,4.68) 1.99(0.85,4.63) 0.111
 Rich 402(23.7) 1295(76.3) 21.36(11.33,40.27) 4.82(2.40,9.71) <  0.001
Respondent chews Chat
 No 423(14.9) 2408(85.1) 1 1  
 Yes 2(11.8) 15(88.2) 2.21(1.67,2.92) 1.42(0.98,2.07) 0.063
Frequency of reading newspaper or magazine
 Not at all 267(11.3) 2095(88.7) 1 1  
 Less than once a week 111(30.9) 248(69.1) 3.51(2.72,4.54) 1.03(0.73,1.46) 0.853
 At least once a week 47(37.0) 80(63.0) 4.61(3.15,6.76) 1.08(.67,1.75) 0.760
Frequency of listening to radio
 Not at all 185(10.9) 1514(89.1) 1 1  
 Less than once a week 95(17.1) 459(82.9) 1.69(1.30,2.22) 0.63(0.45,0.89) 0.008
 At least once a week 145(24.4) 450(75.6) 2.64(2.07,3.36) 0.85(0.61,1.17) 0.320
Frequency of watching television
 Not at all 85(5.1) 1572(94.9) 1 1  
 Less than once a week 53(14.0) 325(86.0) 3.02(2.10,4.34) 1.32(0.83,2.12) 0.246
 At least once a week 287(35.3) 526(64.7) 10.09(7.77,13.11) 1.91(1.26,2.90) 0.002
Frequency of using internet
 Not at all 351(13.1) 2326(86.9) 1 1  
 Less than once a week 16(42.1) 22(57.9) 4.82(2.51,9.27) 1.33(0.62,2.86) 0.461
 At least once a week 32(44.4) 40(55.6) 5.30(3.29,8.55) 1.89(1.06,3.36) 0.031
 Almost every day 26(42.6) 35(54.7) 4.92(2.93,8.28) 1.28(0.68,2.43) 0.449