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Table 3 Cross-tabulation of baseline characteristics, and overweight and obesity among reproductive age group women in Ethiopia (N = 2848)

From: Education and prevalence of overweight and obesity among reproductive age group women in Ethiopia: analysis of the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey data

Respondents baseline Characteristics Overweight and Obese P-Value
Yes, n (%) No, n (%)
Educational status of respondents
 No education 72(5.8) 1159(94.2) <  0.001
 Primary 160(16.2) 830(83.8)
 Secondary 96(26.7) 269(73.3)
 Higher 97(37.0) 165(63.0)
Respondents age
 15–24 years old 48(6.6) 680(93.4) <  0.001
 25-34 years old 216(16.5) 1090(83.5)
  > =35 years old 161(19.8) 653(80.2)
Religion
 Orthodox 254(16.8) 1262(83.2) <  0.001
 Catholic 2(9.5) 19(90.5)
 Protestant 55(8.8) 568(91.2)
 Muslim 113(16.8) 561(83.2)
 Others 1(7.1) 13(92.9)
Number of children
 None 24(10) 215(90) <  0.001
 1–3 299(18.3) 1335(81.7)
  > =4 102(10.5) 873(89.5)
Type of current contraceptive use
 Traditional 23(31.5) 50(68.5) <  0.001
 Modern 402(14.5) 2373(85.5)
Duration of current contraceptive use
  < =6 month 258(15.5) 1408(84.5) 0.316
  > 6 month 167(14.1) 1015(85.9)
Region of respondents
 Tigray 22(6.7) 308(93.3) <  0.001
 Afar 16(22.9) 54(77.1)
 Amhara 23(4.3) 509(95.7)
 Oromia 33(9.1) 330(90.9)
 Somali 5(31.2) 11(68.8)
 Benishangul 26(12.6) 181(87.4)
 SNNPR 30(6.2) 450(93.8)
 Gambella 22(11.5) 170(88.5)
 Harari 51(34.9) 95(65.1)
 Addis Ababa 147(41.5) 207(58.5)
 Dire Dawa 50(31.6) 108(68.4)
Residence
 Urban 354(33.6) 700(66.4) <  0.001
 Rural 71(4.0) 1723(96.0)
Employment status    0.223
 Not employed 174(14.0) 1069(86.0)
 Employed 251(15.6%) 1354(84.4)
Husband/partners educational status
 No education 57(6.3) 842(93.7) <  0.001
 Primary 117(10.7) 972(89.3)
 Secondary 124(26.7) 341(73.3)
 Higher 127(32.2) 268(67.8)
Respondents wealth index    <  0.001
 Poor 10(1.4) 688(98.6)
 Medium 13(2.9) 440(97.1)
 Rich 402(23.7) 1295(76.3)
Respondent drinks alcohol
 No 228(14.3) 1364(85.7) 0.311
 Yes 197(15.7) 1059(84.3)
Respondent smokes cigarette
 No 423(14.9) 2408(85.1) 0.714
 Yes 2(11.8) 15(88.2)
Respondent chews chat
 No 347(13.6) 2199(86.4) <  0.001
 Yes 78(25.8) 224(74.2)
Frequency of reading newspaper or magazine
 Not at all 267(11.3) 2095(88.7) <  0.001
 Less than once a week 111(30.9) 248(69.1)
 At least once a week 47(37.0) 80(63.0)
Frequency of listening to radio
 Not at all 185(10.9) 1514(89.1) <  0.001
 Less than once a week 95(17.1) 459(82.9)
 At least once a week 145(24.4) 450(75.6)
Frequency of watching television
 Not at all 85(5.1) 1572(94.9) <  0.001
 Less than once a week 53(14.0) 325(86.0)
 At least once a week 287(35.3) 526(64.7)
Frequency of using internet
 Not at all 351(13.1) 2326(86.9) <  0.001
 Less than once a week 16(42.1) 22(57.9)
 At least once a week 32(44.4) 40(55.6)
 Almost every day 26(42.6) 35(54.7)