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Table 2 NCD comorbidity, general medical information and health promotion interventions documented in folders of 491 participants aged 10–24 years receiving ART across Cape Town, November 2018–March 2019

From: Missed opportunities for NCD multimorbidity prevention in adolescents and youth living with HIV in urban South Africa

  Characteristic N = 491a n (%)b
Comorbidity Information 268 (55%)  
NCD diagnosis 30 (11%)  
  Depression, anxiety or other mental health condition   11 (37%)
Bronchitis, lung disease, asthma or other chronic respiratory diseasec   18 (60%)
Cancer   1 (3%)
NCD treatment 4 (1%)  
  Asthma treatment   1 (25%)
High Blood Pressure treatment   1 (25%)
Antipsychotic medication   1 (25%)
High cholesterol/ triglycerides   1 (25%)
NCD risk factors 305 (62%)  
  Smoking: current smoker or history of smoking   11 (4%)
Alcohol, drugs or other substance abuse   9 (3%)
Body Mass Index (BMI) kg/m2 305 (62%)  
  Underweight: BMI < 18.5   30 (10%)
Normal weight: BMI 18.5–25   129 (42%)
Overweight: BMI 25–30   80 (26%)
Obese: BMI ≥30   66 (22%)
Blood Pressure mmHgd 289 (59%)  
  Normal: SBP < 130 and DBP < 85   210 (73%)
High normal: SBP 130–139/DBP 85–89   41 (14%)
Mild hypertension: SBP 140–159/DBP 90–99   35 (12%)
Moderate hypertension: SBP 160–179/ DBP 100–109   3 (1%)
General medical information: Contraception   18 (4%)
Family History 29 (6%)  
  Tuberculosis   20 (69%)
Diabetes   4 (14%)
High blood pressure   2 (7%)
Alcoholism   2 (7%)
Cancer   1 (3%)
Other conditions 52 (11%)  
  Pregnancy   31 (60%)
  Trauma- injury and violence   6 (11%)
  Epilepsy   5 (10%)
  Learning Difficulties   5 (10%)
  Failure to Thrive   5 (10%)
Non-HIV infectious diseases 185 (38%)  
Non-HIV infectious disease diagnosis Tuberculosis   114 (62%)
Sexually Transmitted Infections   40 (22%)
Scabies   12 (6%)
Pneumonia   9 (5%)
Herpes Simplex Virus   5 (3%)
Meningitis   5 (3%)
Non-ARV medications prescribed in Iast 12 months 135 (27%)  
  TB prophylaxis   30 (22%)
Cotrimoxazole   19 (14%)
STI treatment   23 (17%)
Antibiotics   44 (33%)
Steroids   16 (12%)
Antivirals   3 (2%)
Health Promotion 93 (19%)e  
HIV-related Disclosure counselling   9 (7%)
Adherence counselling   11 (9%)
NCD-related Alcohol counselling   14 (11%)
Mental health counselling   13 (10%)
Healthy diet or weight counselling   12 (9%)
Smoking counselling   11 (9%)
Substance abuse counselling   2 (2%)
Diabetes screening   1 (1%)
Sexual and Reproductive Health Family planning   14 (11%)
Basic antenatal counselling   14 (11%)
Postnatal care & Infant feeding counselling   10 (8%)
Pap smear & Breast examination   6 (5%)
Safe sex counselling   2 (2%)
Medical male circumcision   2 (2%)
Other Health Promotion Hygiene counselling   4 (3%)
Physiotherapy/Occupational Therapy   2 (2%)
  1. aDenominator = 491, unless otherwise indicated in this column
  2. bPercentages may not total 100 due to rounding
  3. cIncludes asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, and other respiratory conditions
  4. dSBP = Systolic Blood Pressure and DBP = Diastolic Blood Pressure
  5. eTotal interventions > 93 as some individuals had more than one form of health promotion documented